World Cities - The Global pattern

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World Cities
The Global pattern: Urbanisation: The growth in the proportion of a country's
population that lives in urban as opposed to rural areas
Rapid Urbanisation has occurred over the last 50 years. Almost 50% of the wordls
population lives in towns and cities. The most urbanised continents are Europe, North
American, South America and Oceania, and the least urbanised Asia and Sfrica,
Urbanisation is increasing most rapidly in Africa and Asia,a nd the trend it meant to continue.
Millionaire City:
A city with over 1 million inhabitants.
In February 2008, there were 551 millionaire cities worldwide.
India and China have the most millionaire cities in the world.
Mega city:
Metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million people.
The population density is usually over 2 persons per Km^2.
A megacity can be one metropolitan area or two or more metropolitan areas that
converge upon one another such as Kobe.
There are 20 with 15 in the developing world.
World city:
A city that acts as a major centre for finance, trade, business, politics, culture,
science, information gathering and diffusion, publishing and mass media, and all other
associated activities, that serve not just the region, but the whole word.
They are resource centres companies find acess to temporary of semipermenant
knowledge resources.
o two types of knowledge ­ codified knowledge tjat can be carried and
spreas by technology to anywhere in the world and tacit knowledge whos
development depends on discussion and facetoface contact
Learning centres When companiens learn they can grow and develop so must be
part of networks of learning that include universities and education institutes. World
cities are seen as `smart cities' and `creative hubs'
Spatial Proximity of tacit knowledge ­ likely to grow in certain areas of cities ­
CBDs, uni campuses and science parks. Meeting take place providing spark for
new ideas ­ happens in areas of high concentration of people and activities with
opportunities for interaction and knowledge sharing
These cities house the house quarters of many Transnational corporations (TNCs).
Shed a lot of their routine, lowvalue activities ­ manufacturing, distribution and
routine services to other cities or countries
High level of synergy in their economic structures
Offer a wide reange of jobs but there is a tendency towards a polarised labour force
­ at the top there are jobs that demand high education, training and personalised
skills giving high rewards and to support these jobs semicasual, unskilled work with
poor career prospects.
London, New York and Tokyo are the three preeminent world cities.

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Europe's urban hierarchy
Only indisputable worls city is London
Below them are a number of specialised cities which act as cinnercial or cultural capitals.…read more


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