unit 7 opposition to Roosevelt and the New Deal

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Unit 7: Opposition to Roosevelt and the New
Nature and extent of opposition to the New Deal
Opposition from the left
Opposition from Right
^Individuals involved
The supreme court and its impact and controversy
Roosevelt's responses to the supreme court
How successful was opposition to the New Deal?
Impact of the opposition on the delivery of the New Deal the extent that
the opposition shaped the New Deal.
Key events
1933 FDR's inauguration
1934 American Liberty League founded
Father Charles E. Coughlin founds National Union for Social
Senator Huey Long launches Share our Wealth campaign
1935 Supreme court declares National Industrial Recovery Act
1936 Supreme Court judgement undermines the legitimacy of AAA
Supreme court undermines the legality of the Guffrey Bituminous
Coal conservation act
SC invalidates minimum wage legislation in NY State.
FDR wins 2nd term
1937 FDR announces SC alteration scheme= lots of opposition in
congress as a result
SC upholds minimum wage in Washington state
SC uphold the Wagner act
Death of Democrat majority senate leader
Reform of supreme court dropped
1938 AntiLynching Law defeated
Fair Labor Standards Act Minimum Wage
FDR begins campaign against conservative Democrats
Congressional elections, victory for southern conservatives
1939 FDR's state of the Union message focused on foreign policy
War in Europe
1940 Rearmament begins in USA
FDR= reelected for unprecedented third term
1941 USA enters WW2
Threats from the Left and Right
FDR= faced threats from the left and right wings of political spectrum.
Until 193738= he appeared to have been concerned with left opponents,
whom he felt were threatening to undermine free enterprise and the basic
political and social structure of the USA.
Threats from Left

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President of American Federation of Labor ( AFL)= commented that
unless orderly and constructive reform was carried out ` we shall we swept
aside by a tide of revolt'.
1934= san Francisco, a general strike developed with widespread violent
clashes many strikes indicated the growing influence of political
extremists as the AFL feared.
American Communist Party= polled a record 102,000 votes in 1932 (far
behind FDR's 22.…read more

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Began broadcasting in mid 1920s to appeal for money to keep a religious
shrine going.
During the depression= he turned to politics denouncing bankers and
By 1934 he was increasingly critical of FDR and the New Deal, where he
felt that FDR had not really taken on the banks and was in reality in the
pocket of Wall Street.
Coughlin founded the National Union for Social Justice to promote the
redistribution of wealth.…read more

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Opponents of the New Deal= community came from the traditional
manufacturing sectors and new high tech and service industry backed by
Keenest opponents= often the ones who felt the most threatened by
government regulation and the rise of unions for the semiskilled and
production line workers.…read more

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Conservative rural USA reasserted itself and a blocking alliance of
northern Republicans and southern Democrats brought the New Deal
grinding to a halt in 193738
Opposition in congress
54 out of 96 Senators and 225 out of 435 representatives in the Lower
House were from predominantly rural areas. As a result, in late 1937 rural
American politicians dominated Congress, and when FDR summoned a
special session of Congress in November there was a real contrast to
Special Session of 1933.…read more


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