Unit 1: Past paper plans part 1

Plans for 3 past papers on democracy

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Laura
  • Created on: 04-05-14 11:06
Preview of Unit 1: Past paper plans part 1

First 425 words of the document:

Democracy past paper questions:
January 2009:
(a)What are the main features of representative democracy? (5)
Paragraph 1: the features of representative democracy are that they provide
free, fair and regular elections. For example in the UK there are many
different demonstrations of this such as elections in Westminster, Scottish
Parliament and the Northern Ireland Assemblies.
Another feature of representative democracy is that the public are not
personally involved in office holding but instead elect a representative on
their behalf to make decisions for them. For example the representative
for Dover and Deal is Charlie Elphicke.
(b) In what ways has political participation declined in the UK in recent years?
Paragraph 1: One in the ways in which political participation has declined is
through the declining turnouts in elections. This is shown in the last 30
years of the general elections from having 76% turnout going down more than
10%, with only 65% of the population voting in 2010.
Analysis: These results damage the legitimacy of the representative elected
as it has reached consensus by everyone, meaning that the mandate they
received is weak.
Paragraph 2: Membership of political parties has also decreased in recent
years. This is particularly shown through the conservative party as from
having 1.2 million members in the 1980s to recently only 0.17 million.
Analysis: this raises concerns as it suggests that the people feel disengaged
with the political parties or even lack of interest with the electorate to join one.
Paragraph 3: It can be said that in recent years, there has been partisan
dealignment which is research that suggests that people in general identify
less closely with political parties than this used to.
Analysis: this suggest that political participation is not only declining through
turnouts and membership because lack of faith in politicians, but because
fewer people are taking any close interest in party politics.
(c) Evaluate the effectiveness of the various ways in which participation and
democracy could be strengthened in the UK (25)
Intro: many would argue that the UK is under democractic deficit, and because of
this there are many ways to strengthen participation and democracy.
Paragraph 1: It can be said that lowering the age group to vote ( to
16) would improve participation. This is because it allows and
improves engagement with political among the young. It can be said
that 16/17 year olds are not mature enough to vote and make

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Analysis: (counterargument) however, one can argue that 16/17 year
olds currently are expected to pay taxes and therefore should have a
say and choose government. Stephen Williams in 2005 debated this
idea and stated that teenagers in Hamburg were twice as likely to
Paragraph 2: Introduction of compulsory voting in the UK as it
forces people to become active and creates a greater legitimacy for
election results. Compulsory voting is used in Australia currently and
helps to provide a better legitimacy.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Analysis: However, one could argue that the general elections in
particular, using FPTP are an unfair and undemocratic
system. This is because there are many "wasted votes"
particularly in smaller parties who have no chance in winning.
Paragraph 2: Parliament plays a main part in the UK's democratic
system as parliament is where key decisions are made. This is
democratic through the Hoc being elected and given consensus
by the people to carry out decisions on their behalf.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Analysis: Pressure groups only have a certain amount of
power the majority of the power relies on popular and
real choice at elections showing it to be democratic and
not seen as having democratic deficit.
Paragraph 3: It can be noted that there is the persistence of
undemocratic institutions within the system of
government which is causing the "democratic deficit" in
the UK. This is shown through the continuations of the
houses of parliament, with the House of Lords being
appointed rather than elected.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

This shows participation as the people are getting
involved in political and political issues such as the
issues surrounding the environment.
Analysis: There has been decline in membership
through parties but rise in pressure groups showing
political participation to change within the UK.
Paragraph 3: Lastly, political participation can be shown
through contributing to online forums and epetitions.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Paragraph 3: by wider use, the people will provide
consent on issue, making them more likely to agree with
the result government makes.
Analysis: the UK has already been considered as a
"consultative" democracy whereby the people are often
consulted on decisions. Therefore, if it isn't broke, don't
fix it. Additionally, many issues are too complex and
cannot be resolved by a "yes/no" response.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Government & Politics resources:

See all Government & Politics resources »See all resources »