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Outline the roles of the Prime Minister

Controls House of Commons
Heads executive, leader of the largest party that has a majority of seats in the HOC
Represents the UK in international conferences
Decisive role in government, guides legislation through Parliament with the cooperation of Cabinet ministers
Has special responsibilities…

Page 2

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Appointing the cabinet

Demote, dismiss, transfer

Command of cabinet meetings

Major influence over policy

Dissolution of parliament

The Cabinet

Traditionally seen as the supreme decision making body in central government. However in modern times this role has
been questioned. The cabinet is the committee of the most senior ministers appointed…

Page 3

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Tony Blair reduced the time the cabinet meets and seemed to prefer the bilateral approach when dealing with ministers
ensuring focused discussions take place and that there can be a proper and ongoing review of the work of individual
government departments. Some critical decisions weren't even reported to his cabinet,…

Page 4

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difficult to carry out the programme he This means the government gains its
was elected upon position from the fact that it can
command a majority in the Legislature


The Qualities required by a Minister

Must be prepared for long working hours

Public speaking

Loyalty

Handling legislation

Alliances

Teamwork

Pressure…

Page 5

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Some claim this prevents dissent and challenge to a PM once decisions have been made only other option is for a
minister to resign which will only be done as a last resort ­ used by the PM to increase their power?
The extent to which CMR exists depends on…

Page 6

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1. Media Coverage, Scandal
2. Public/electorate unhappy
3. Opposition against
4. Lack of backbench support in own party
5. Lack of Cabinet Support
Want to spend more time with the family
error of judgement
abuse of power
clash of interest
difficulties in coping with the job
for misleading the house…

Page 7

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Civil Servants often outlast ministers and can use various tactics to avoid having to implement a policy they do not
like. They may wait for a change in ministers as new ministers may be open to the advice they are offering.
Alternatively, they could brief officials in other departments to…

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