Unit 2: PM and Cabinet Notes

AS Unit 2 notes



HideShow resource information
Preview of Unit 2: PM and Cabinet Notes

First 197 words of the document:

AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes
Some members of the new Cabinet (Con-Lib Coalition)
Prime Minister, First Lord of the Treasury and Minister for the Civil Service -David Cameron
Lord President of the Council (with special responsibility for political and constitutional
reform) - Nick Clegg MP (Liberal Democrat)
First Secretary of State, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs -William
Chancellor of the Exchequer - George Osborne
Lord Chancellor, Secretary of State for Justice - Kenneth Clarke
Secretary of State for the Home Office and Minister for Women and Equalities- Theresa May
Secretary of State for Defence - Dr Liam Fox
Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills - Dr Vincent Cable (Liberal Democrat)
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions - Iain Duncan Smith
Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change - Chris Huhne (Liberal Democrat)
Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs - Caroline Spelman
Minister without Portfolio (Minister of State) (Unpaid) - Baroness Warsi (first Muslim woman
to become a cabinet minister)
Chief Whip ­ Patrick McLoughlin

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes
Outline the roles of the Prime Minister
Controls House of Commons
Heads executive, leader of the largest party that has a majority of seats in the HOC
Represents the UK in international conferences
Decisive role in government, guides legislation through Parliament with the co-operation of
Cabinet ministers
Has special responsibilities in the field of national security
Organises government ­ may include creation, merging or abolition of departments (e.g.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes
appeal to more of the electorate) and to avoid senior members beginning to side with the
opposition and start "pissing in". John Prescott, as a member of Old Labour was given the huge
department of Environment, Transport and Regions.
Demote, Dismiss, Transfer ­ the PM can reshuffle the government team at any time replacing
anyone ineffective or disloyal.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes
Cabinets. Blair used inner cabinets especially during the Iraq War ­ met informally in his sitting room,
these are known as Sofa cabinets. Blair also used bilateral meetings to discuss the business of a
particular department. The minister is isolated from the support of other ministers; the PM therefore
clearly dominates the meeting.
Limits to the Prime Minister's Power
This would suggest there is still a cabinet government (even if the nature has changed).…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes
The PM is not an elected dictator although certainly wields a considerable amount of power. Events
have the capacity to strengthen or weaken a government.
The Cabinet
Traditionally seen as the supreme decision making body in central government. However in modern
times this role has been questioned. The cabinet is the committee of the most senior ministers
appointed by the PM.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes
Emergency decisions ­ the Cabinet or the Cabinet members in London will have an unscheduled
meeting to address the emergency and decide how to deal with the problem. For example, the 7/7
terrorist attacks, credit crunch, foot and mouth crisis.
General Discussion ­ if time permits there may be general discussions on the government's general
strategy and goals, the PM may allow discussion of a controversial policy such as in 2003 on ID cards.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes
The powers on the PM have expanded significantly since the 1970s. This is due to an increasing focus
of the media upon the PM at the expense of other cabinet ministers and the public tends to approve
of strong decisive leadership.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes
Ministerial powers are derived from can be brought down by parliament (in a
Presidential authorisation and his vote of no confidence)
powers are set out in the Constitution Ministerial powers are derived from
Presidential System can often lead to an parliamentary authorisation
ineffective executive ­ legislature can Parliamentary systems tend to be very
be dominated by the opposing party effective for carrying out executive
When a President does not command a policy as there is no…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes
Loyalty ­ must show loyalty if they are to advance their career, positions often appointed as a
reward for their loyalty to the party leader. E.g. Norman Lamont was appointed as Chancellor in 1990
after playing a prominent role in John Major's leadership campaign.
Alliances ­ An advantage for junior ministers to gain the backing of formal and informal groups of
backbenchers, especially if these groups do not represent mainstream opinion.…read more

Page 10

Preview of page 10

Here's a taster:

AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes
Unwritten code of behaviour which influences the behaviour of cabinet ministers - all members of the
government are all responsible for the decisions of the government and in public they must support
and defend them. This must be done even if they have private doubts, dissented and voted against
them during Cabinet meetings. Once a decision has been made, the whole cabinet must uphold the
decision as if they agreed with it.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Government & Politics resources:

See all Government & Politics resources »See all resources »