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Page 1

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AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes




Some members of the new Cabinet (Con-Lib Coalition)

Prime Minister, First Lord of the Treasury and Minister for the Civil Service -David Cameron
Lord President of the Council (with special responsibility for political and constitutional
reform) - Nick Clegg MP (Liberal…

Page 2

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AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes



Outline the roles of the Prime Minister

Controls House of Commons
Heads executive, leader of the largest party that has a majority of seats in the HOC
Represents the UK in international conferences
Decisive role in government, guides legislation through Parliament…

Page 3

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AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes



appeal to more of the electorate) and to avoid senior members beginning to side with the
opposition and start "pissing in". John Prescott, as a member of Old Labour was given the huge
department of Environment, Transport and Regions.

Demote, Dismiss,…

Page 4

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AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes



Cabinets. Blair used inner cabinets especially during the Iraq War ­ met informally in his sitting room,
these are known as Sofa cabinets. Blair also used bilateral meetings to discuss the business of a
particular department. The minister is isolated from…

Page 5

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AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes



The PM is not an elected dictator although certainly wields a considerable amount of power. Events
have the capacity to strengthen or weaken a government.

The Cabinet

Traditionally seen as the supreme decision making body in central government. However in modern…

Page 6

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AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes



Emergency decisions ­ the Cabinet or the Cabinet members in London will have an unscheduled
meeting to address the emergency and decide how to deal with the problem. For example, the 7/7
terrorist attacks, credit crunch, foot and mouth crisis.

General…

Page 7

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AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes



The powers on the PM have expanded significantly since the 1970s. This is due to an increasing focus
of the media upon the PM at the expense of other cabinet ministers and the public tends to approve
of strong decisive leadership.…

Page 8

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AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes



Ministerial powers are derived from can be brought down by parliament (in a
Presidential authorisation and his vote of no confidence)
powers are set out in the Constitution Ministerial powers are derived from
Presidential System can often lead to an parliamentary…

Page 9

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AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes



Loyalty ­ must show loyalty if they are to advance their career, positions often appointed as a
reward for their loyalty to the party leader. E.g. Norman Lamont was appointed as Chancellor in 1990
after playing a prominent role in John…

Page 10

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AS Government and Politics
Unit 2 ­ Retake Notes



Unwritten code of behaviour which influences the behaviour of cabinet ministers - all members of the
government are all responsible for the decisions of the government and in public they must support
and defend them. This must be done even if…

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