Types of attachment, how they occur and continual hypothesis

List of attachment types, how they can occur through childhood and how these attachment types can affect adult life.

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  • Created by: Ian
  • Created on: 13-04-12 17:29
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Types of attachment, reasons why they become apparent and implications.
Secure attachment:
Able to separate from the parent as children
Having trusting and lasting relationships as adults
Seek comfort from parents when frightened as children
Tend to have good self-esteem as adults
Return of parents is met with positive emotion as children
Comfortable sharing feelings with friends and partners as adults
Prefers parents to strangers as children
Has no problem seeking out social support as adults
What caregiver has to do:
Respond appropriately, promptly and consistently to the needs of the infant. Caregiver has
successfully formed a secure parental attachment bond to the child
Insecure- resistant attachment:
May be wary of strangers as children
Reluctant to become close to others as adults
Become distressed when the parent leaves as children
Worry that their partner doesn't love them as adults
Does not appear to be comforted by the return of the parent as children
Become very distraught when a relationship ends as adults
What the caregiver has done:
Shown little or no response to distressed child, discourages crying and encourages
independence (western culture).

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Insecure-avoidant attachment:
May avoid parents as children
May have problems with intimacy as adults
Doesn't seek much comfort or contact from parents as children
Invests little emotion in social and romantic relationships
Shows little or no preference between parent and stranger as children
Unable or unwilling to share thoughts and feelings with others as adults
What the caregiver has done:
Inconsistent between appropriate and neglectful responses, generally will only respond after
increased attachment behaviour from the infant e.…read more


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