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Bowlby's theory on attachment

Infants and caregivers have an innate tendency to form attachments with
each other

Social releasers

Are characteristics such as smiles
Important in forming attachments
Because they bring out caring behaviour from the caregiver
Such as feeding and protection

Critical period

According to Lorenz's work on goslings…

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The continuity hypothesis

Is the relationship with the caregiver provides an infant
With an internal working model of future relationships
For example
Emotionally responsive, supportive caregiver= secure children feeling
security and happiness
Rejecting caregiver= avoidant children having internal working model of
themselves as unacceptable unworthy



























Evaluation of Bowlby's theory

Bowlby's…

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insecure attachment. This supports Bowlby's idea that Monotropy does
create an internal working model for future relationships
However, this is a retrospective study as it asked participants to recall their
childhood relationships with their parents. Thus it can be unreliable as
memories lose their accuracy over time
Also they used…

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