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Rachel Jones 1
Chapter 3

The consolidation of Elizabeth's rule, 155871: Succession and Settlement
The establishment of Elizabeth's authority

17 November: Nicholas Heath announced Mary's death to parliament and proclaimed Elizabeth's succession
showed the political elite collectively assented to Elizabeth's accession

20 November: Appointed Sir William Cecil as Principal Secretary…

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Rachel Jones 2
Chapter 3

Natural to retain some of the aristocrats who had served her sister:
o Marquis of Winchester continued as Lord Treasurer
o Earls of Arundel, Derby, Pembroke and Shrewsbury remained councillors
o Kenninghall group were excluded
o Lord Paget was excluded
There was some tension between…

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Rachel Jones 3
Chapter 3

To oversee the operation of the regional councils
To manage Crown finances with the Lord Treasurer and the Chancellor of the Exchequer
To discuss matters of state and offer policy advice to the Queen
Most important: continued enforcement of the 1559 religious settlement and overseeing…

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Rachel Jones 4
Chapter 3

Haigh: Neal is putting forward a romantic and nationalist view of her reign
o Followed Notestein's view that parliament's political victory over the monarch can be traced to
the 1590s when the House of Commons won the political initiative at the expense of a tired…

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Rachel Jones 5
Chapter 3

Excommunication. Also wanted Strickland was removed from
a subsidy to pay for the the Commons
suppression of the Northern
Rebellion


Elizabeth's personal beliefs

Pollard: Queen was indifferent to religion
Neale: Elizabeth planned to return England to the religion of her father's day, a form of…

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Rachel Jones 6
Chapter 3

o What arrangements would be made for the conduct of church services
Legal status had not been altered with the death of Mary
o Until it was changed, the English Church remained in communion with the Church of Rome
o No doubt it was to…

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Rachel Jones 7
Chapter 3

o It allowed the Crown to appoint commissioners who were able to visit, reform, order, correct and
amend all abuses, heresies and offences gave huge amounts of power to commissioners since it did
not define the `heresies' against which they might take action
o It…

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Rachel Jones 8
Chapter 3

Sir John Neale:
o The Queen, conscious of the dangerous international situation with England still at war with
France, wanted to gain parliamentary confirmation for her royal supremacy while delaying any
significant changes in religious practice until later.
o Intention to dissolve parliament once the…

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Rachel Jones 9
Chapter 3

Brett Usher: the appointments of returning exiles were part of a conscious strategy to reshape the
hierarchy of the Church of England along more evangelical lines
The Settlement emphasised the Erastian nature of the Church of England
Peter Lake: two speed view of the settlement…

Page 10

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Rachel Jones 10
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o Achieved the settlement she wanted with royal supremacy restored and religious stability
Much distrust among the higher reaches of the clergy regarding the `unreformed' nature of the Church
Catholics witnessed a rapid erosion of the public practice of their faith

Puritan Challenges to the…

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