Triumph of Elizabeth; Presbyterians, Puritans and Catholics

Notes from the AQA A2 textbook Chapter 6: Presbyterians, Puritans and Catholics covering the impact of Presbyterianism and radical Puritans and the emergence of the Catholic threat

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Rachel Jones 1
Chapter 6

Presbyterians, Puritans and Catholics
Whereas Catholics used colour and ritual, Protestantism was intellectually demanding lacked appeal to
those who were unfitted to hear its message
`truly religious' Protestants saw themselves as a minority
o Contrasted their godly conduct with the weakness of their less fortunate…

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Chapter 6

Whitgift argued that it was necessary to make certain accommodations to achieve a more
godly society in which the Church and the godly magistrate could be at one
Whitgift had the more insulting tones suggested they were Anabaptists
Presbyterianism remained a marginal and geographically narrow…

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Chapter 6

o To accept that everything in the ThirtyNine Articles conformed to the Word of God
Some clergy gave acceptance to save their careers Whitgift wanted all or nothing but forced to back down
by Leicester and Walsingham
He agreed a modified form of subscription provided…

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Chapter 6

1575: 11 secular priests had arrived in England from Douai
1580: about 100 secular priests had come to work in England
o No infrastructural framework within which the priests could operate
o Forced largely to operate from the country houses of the Catholic gentry and…

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Chapter 6


Assassination of William of Orange apparent Spanish victory in the Netherlands

Dec 1584: Philip II had made an alliance with the Catholic League in France

Privy Council thought England was threatened by international Catholic superpower

Context of fear that the Act against Jesuits and Seminary…

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Chapter 6

Duke of Guise leading a landing in Sussex seems to be more plausible
Bossy: it was a fairly near thing
Sussex landing would generate support from locally based Catholic aristocrats (Arundel/Northumberland)
Conspiracy broken when Walsingham had a mole in the French embassy from whose information…

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Rachel Jones 7
Chapter 6

4 Dec: death sentence to be pronounced formally
1 Feb: Queen signed the death warrant following fears of Spanish landing/Mary would escape
Privy Council despatched the warrant without telling Elizabeth until the execution had taken place
o Secrecy shows that Elizabeth did not intend the…

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