Triumph of Elizabeth; Factional Rivalries and the Decline of Elizabethan Government

Notes from the AQA A2 textbook Chapter 8: Factional Rivalries and the Decline of Elizabethan Government covering the decline of Elizabeth's authority and religion in Elizabethan England

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Rachel Jones 1
Chapter 8

The Last Years of Elizabeth, 15881603

Factional rivalries and the decline of Elizabethan government
The decline of Elizabeth's authority

Last 15 years of her reign proved to be an anticlimax
Most of her longstanding and able privy councillors had died in the late 1580s and…

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Rachel Jones 2
Chapter 8

Relations between Crown and parliament remained reasonably cordial
o Monopolies issue was the rare occasion when Crown's officers lost control of the House of Commons
o 1601: House was offered a compromise and season ended with MPs being `stroked' by the Queen in
her `Golden…

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Rachel Jones 3
Chapter 8

Factions at court

Nature of the governmental system created much competition for advancement
o During most of Elizabeth's reign, Burghley was in charge of patronage and several others so he was
not an over mighty noble
o By the 1590s the system was becoming unbalanced:…

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Rachel Jones 4
Chapter 8

o Essex took three months to apologise appointed Lord Lieutenant in Ireland
Hoped to restore his political reputation by military triumph
Restore his battered finances FAIL

Rivalry between Essex and Cecil
The Earl of Essex Sir Robert Cecil
Soldier and man of action despised Cecil,…

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Rachel Jones 5
Chapter 8

o Cecil declared in 1601 that the House was `more fit for a grammar school than a court of Parliament'



Problems were not evident during 1589 Parliament
o Afterglow of the Spanish Armada triumph
1593 Parliament: glow had faded
o Elizabeth had to use charm…

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Rachel Jones 6
Chapter 8

o Weakened the impact of the Catholic mission
o Made it much more difficult for Catholicism to respond to the challenge that the Church of England
was able to offer by the 1590s
Authorities feared another armada might be sent against England reflected in the…

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Rachel Jones 7
Chapter 8

o Activities sufficient to alarm the authorities led to passing of Act against Seditious Sectaries
o Barrow, Greenwood and Penry were tried and executed and Separatism died with them



Late 1580s: Presbyterian movement was in decline
o Whitgift's attacks and the war against Catholic Spain…

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