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Traditional marxism
By Hannah-May…read more

Slide 2

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What is Marxism?
Marxism is a structural theory of sociology that
sees the basis of stratification systems as being
linked to the ownership and control of the means
of production. In preindustrial times this meant
control of land, water or other resources. Since the
industrial revolution, it has meant ownership and
control of manufacturing and the production of
essential supplies. Society is divided into two
groups; the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The
bourgeoisie, a minority group, own all primary
production such as mines, factories, banks and
businesses. They employ the proletariat to work
for them to earn them profit.…read more

Slide 3

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What is marxism continued..
Marxism is a structural theory as it believes
that economy (which it calls the capitalist
infrastructure) determines the shape of the
superstructure which is made up of all the
other social institutions such as religion,
the media, education and the law and
criminal justice system. Marxists believe
the role of the superstructure is to serve
ruling class interests and to maintain the
capitalist economy and therefore the class
inequality that is the result of this
arrangement.…read more

Slide 4

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Marxist view of crime
Traditional Marxists believe that crime is
due to the organization and characteristics
of capitalist society. The Marxist view of
crime contains two vital elements;
Crimogenic capitalism
The ideological or social control functions
of crime and law…read more

Slide 5

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What is crimogenic capitalism
Marxists believe that capitalist society is
crimogenic causing crime to be inevitable.
The very nature of capitalist society gives
rise to the potential for crime. This can be
illustrated in four ways and has been
examined by David Gordon.…read more

Slide 6

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Gordon's theory of crimogenic capitalism
1. A feature of capitalism is class inequality.
This is shown by inequalities in the
distribution of wealth and income, poverty,
unemployment, homelessness and
deprivation. Gordon suggests that the
majority of working class crime is a rational
and realistic response to the inequality in
society. For example those in poverty may
shoplift in order to gain money to survive,
this is down to the unfair distribution of
wealth.…read more

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Great resource and excellent for those studying the crime and deviance unit.

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