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Geography
Revision for Paper Two
Natural Hazards
Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Hurricanes and Wildfires

____________________ plates move towards each other

____________________ plates move away from each other


____________________ plates move side by side


What are the two types of the Earth's crust ­ C______________________ and O________________


Which crust subducts (sinks) on a…

Page 2

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Evidence of Continental Drift
It is thought that there was once only ONE CONTINENT which was called Pangaea. However, Pangaea
broke apart because of the movement of the plates.












200 million years ago Present day

The evidence for this theory (idea) is that:
the same types of fossilised animals and…

Page 3

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Constructive Plate Boundary












Conservative Plate Boundary










Page 4

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Comparison of Earthquakes in
Developed and Less Developed Countries
Use the factsheets (at end of booklet) to gather your information
Haiti (Less Developed country) Japan (Developed country)
Facts Facts








Cause Cause




Primary Effects Primary Effects






Secondary Effects Secondary Effects






Primary Responses Primary Responses






Secondary Responses Secondary Responses










Page 5

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Comparison of Volcanoes in
Developed and Less Developed Countries
Use the factsheets (at end of booklet) to gather your information
Montserrat (Less Developed country) Iceland (Developed country)
Facts Facts








Cause Cause





Primary Effects Primary Effects






Secondary Effects Secondary Effects






Primary Responses Primary Responses






Secondary Responses Secondary Responses









Page 6

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Living in Danger Areas
Give three reasons why someone might want to live near a volcano?




A _ _ _ _ _




















Now choose three that you can remember and
write what you know about them.

1. ________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
______
2. ________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
______
3. ________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________…

Page 7

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Reducing the effects of Earthquakes
Read through the information below and complete the table


Earthquakes can't be stopped, but the damage can be reduced.

DEVELOPED COUNTRIES EarthquakeProofing and Retrofitting

Quakewrap






The buildings might sway during an earthquake as the energy runs through them. As a result they need to
be…

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DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Bamboo
Many developing countries can't afford to invest in retrofitting or earthquakeproofing.

Over 1 billion people in the world live in bamboo houses. It is
very strong

bends easily

In 2009, after a strong earthquake in Costa Rica, all 30 bamboo houses at the epicentre of the earthquake…

Page 9

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Compare how earthquake damage is reduced
Developed countries Less developed countries










Preparedness for Earthquakes
Match the methods to the image




Earthquake Drills



Page 10

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Taught in schools







Emergency Kits









Earthquake Shaking Maps







Posters










Reducing the effects of Volcanoes
Monitoring volcanoes

Comments

Andrew Redhead

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Brilliant!

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