OCR GCSE Psychology Unit 2: Perception FULL SET notes & revision questions

A full set of notes for ocr gcse psychology unit 2: perception topic. Contains information about Constructivist theory, Nativist theory, Haber and Levin and the application into advertising. There are also a set of questions at the end to test how well you know the topic

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: lucy~
  • Created on: 01-03-12 19:38

Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Unit 2 Psychology Notes
Perception
Content List

Key Concepts: Sensation, Perception, Depth cues, Visual illusions, Shape Constancy, Colour
Constancy

Core Theory: Constructivist theory

Alternative theory: Nativist theory

Core Study: Haber and Levin (2001)

Application: Advertising



Key Concepts



Sensation

The physical process of receiving information from the environment via the senses…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Colour Constancy

Lighting affects the colour of an object but our perceptual systems allows us to see it as the same
colour at different light levels.



Depth Cues

Linear Perspective

As you look down a stretch of motorway, the outside lines of the
road and the white line marking appear…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Texture Gradient

Imagine you are standing on a beach and are walking along it. The
grains of sand and pebbles are pretty clear when you look down at
them. However when you look along the beach they appear to
blend into one and have a smoother, less detailed texture. We…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Core Theory: Constructivist Theory



The constructivist theory proposes that we construct our perception from past experiences.
Top-down processing is the idea that what we see is based upon the brains prior knowledge.
Whereas perceptual set is based on perceiving a situation because of what we expect to see, for
example…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Alternative Theory: Nativist Theory



This theory suggests we are born with all our perceptual functions ready to be used and do not have
to rely on experience unlike the constructivist theory.

This theory relies on bottom-up processing, which is when perception is dominated by what enters
the eyes (rather than…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
Core Study: Haber and Levin (2001)



AIM

To test between top-down and bottom-up processing in relation to their theories, Nativist and
Constructivist.

PROCEDURE

Nine male college students who has been tested for good eyesight were driven out to a large grassy
field surrounded by trees on three sides. The field…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
LIMITATIONS

The results cannot be generalised because the sample was very small and was all male
participants. The sample was only college students
The results cannot be generalised to other cultures because it was only tested in the USA
which means that other cultures may not have as much experience…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
Questions

1) Distinguish between sensation and perception (2 marks)
2) Describe one type of visual constancy (2 marks)
3) What is meant by linear perspective?(2 marks)
4) Explain one visual illusion(2 marks)
5) Describe & Evaluate one theory of perception(6 marks)
6) Explain how psychology is used in advertising(4 marks)

Comments

MrsMacLean

These notes are brilliant and the questions are well thought out.  A must-have revision resource!

Lucywilliams

Not all that! needed Gregory's theory and experiments such as the Palmer's experiment and the Bartlett! xo

Nicola Jones

Lucy these notes are for OCR am guessing from your comment you do edexcel

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all resources »