The Liberal Welfare Reforms, History OCR

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The Liberal Welfare Reforms 1906 - 1914
Conditions of the Poor in the 1890s
In 1834 the Poor Law was put in place ­ it stated that each parish should look after its own poor ­ if you are
unable to work then you can get some money to live…

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Seebohm Rowntree
Published `Poverty: A study of Town Life' in 1901 ­ said 28% of people in York were poor
Head of confectionary company
Published statistics on wages, hours, diet, health and housing
Conclusion was that poverty was caused by low wages and old age
State should introduce measures to…

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Industrial Incapability
Germany had overtaken Britain as leading industrial power ­ it had state welfare ­ healthier and better
educated workforce
Britain needed to compete with them

Liberal Rivalry with Labour
Liberals need to compete with growing Labour party (1906)
They had to reform because working men had vote ­…

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1911 National Insurance Act (DLG)
o Workers and employers both had to contribute and then Govt. topped it up
o Act covered only people earning less than £160 a year
o Part 1: Health Insurance ­
Paid for treatment and sick pay ­ paid if you were ill for more…

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Attitudes to the Welfare Reforms
Conservatives didn't like the reforms because they feared tax rises and thought the Govt. was becoming a
`Nanny State'

Elderly
Labour said that the pensions were too little
However the pensions were immensely popular

Workers
National Insurance act:
o Insurance and Friendly societies didn't like…

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