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Indochina
Whole of South East Asia is covered by a French colony ­ Indochina (except Thailand)
In 1945 there is a revolt against the French that carries until 1954
o In 1949 the Viet Minh were backed by China (Mao ­ communist)
o The US backed the French with $500million a year ­ as they saw the Viet Minh as a puppet of Mao
The Geneva conference that was held in 1954 wanted to sort out the problems of Asia ­ including this conflict
Viet…read more

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They were corrupt and unpopular and would persecute Buddhist peasants
Viet Cong Creation
Ho Chi Minh creates the National Liberation Front (NLF) for South Vietnam in 1960
Americans called them the Viet Cong
They fought with Guerrilla Warfare ­ using natural features of the land ­ e.g.…read more

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Refused to give in and had high morale ­ they accepted huge losses and kept fighting
The Viet Cong were ruthless and killed peasants who opposed them ­ keeping many on their side out of fear
However they helped supportive peasants ­ and gained support of communism
The Viet Cong were supplied with rockets from China and Russia
The Ho Chi Minh trial ran through Laos and Cambodia jungle ­ the Americans therefore couldn't attack
it without escalating the war
American Tactics
High tech war…read more

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The Battalion that were involved had suffered 28 incidents of mines and booby traps causing many injuries
and 5 deaths
They were told that My Lai was suspected of harbouring many Viet Cong's and they were asked to burn
houses and destroy crops
The night before they were told that most civilians had left the villages and those that were left were Viet
Cong ­ although other people say that the Commander who briefed them also told them to kill everyone is
sight, including women,…read more

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Later Stages
T.V. was taking over as the more important source of news ­ so more shockingly raw images of the war
were shown
o E.g. execution of Viet Cong member and casual violence on the T.…read more

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Peace Agreement Negotiations
In 1972, Kissinger worked out a peace agreement with the North Vietnamese
But South Vietnam Government refused to sign it ­ they feared abandonment by the Americans
o Because this the North Vietnamese walked away from the agreement
In 1973 Nixon stepped up the bombing of North Vietnam, forcing them to sign the agreement
Nixon also then forced the South to sign it as well
In 1973 the Paris agreement was signed and the Americans left Vietnam
The North Vietnamese Offensive (1972)…read more

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