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History Revision Notes

Treaty of Versailles Unit 1

The Big Three
1. Georges Clemenceau (France) ­ Thought Germany should be crushed, made as
weak as possible. Thought Germany should pay the entire cost of the war France
had suffered during WWI over 2/3 of army had been killed. Wanted revenge…

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Other Treaties
St Germain (Austria, 1919) Split from Hungary, Army only allowed to be 30,000,
Banned from uniting with Germany, Parts taken from them to form Czechoslovakia.
Impact Transport, Economy and Trade got weakerno longer a main country.
Trianon (Hungary, 1920) Transylvania given to Romania, 3,000,00 Hungarians
end up living…

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Bulgaria, 1925 Greece invaded Bulgaria after some of her soldiers
were killed. Greece had to pay compensationbut complained that
smaller countries were treated unfairly as Italy didn't have to pay in
2. Successes
Aaland Islands, 1921 ­ Sweden accepted the Leagues ruling over the
Aaland Islands and agreed they…

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Condemned Japan's actions and ordered the withdrawal of Japanese troops. The
Japanese government agreed but the army refused.
Appointed the Lytton Commission to investigate the crisis. This took over a year to
report, by which time the invasion and occupation was complete. The Commission
found Japan guilty of forcibly seizing…

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Reasons for Failure of the League

1. Selfinterest of leading members
2. USA was not in it
3. The great depression
4. Economic Sanctions did not work
5. No army
6. Treaties it had to uphold were seen as unfair
7. WWI
8. Decisions were slow

The Causes of World…

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AntiComintern Pact (1936) ­ Official alliance between Germany and
Japan committed both sides to fighting the USSR
Pact of Steel (1939) ­ between Germany and Italy (Japan joined in
1940) all sided were a full military alliance together
7. Anschluss with Austria, 1938
Austrian people were mainly German (Hitler's Homeland)…

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will have peace in out time) and gave Germany what
they wanted Hitler invaded in October
Czechoslovakia 1939 15th March Hitler marched
troops into rest of Czechoslovakia No resistance from
Czechs and GB and France did nothing. GB and France
told Hitler if he invaded Poland they would declare war…


Miss E


Excellent set of notes going over the three key areas, peace treaties, the League of Nations and the build up to WWII. Especially good section on the causes of WWII where the author has looked at the actions of Hitler but also other factors like the Great Depression. A must read for this topic.

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