Modern World History, Germany 1919-1939

Notes on all the events during 1919-1939

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HISTORY REVISION NOTES
Timeline of International Relations 1918 ­ 1939
11th November 1918 ­ Armistice ends WWI
January 1919 ­ Spartacist Rising
In Jan 1919, 50,000 Spartacists rebelled in Berlin, led by the Communists Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Leibknecht. In
1919, communist workers' councils seized power all over Germany, and…

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One representative for 4 permanent members 15 judges Secretaries, translators,
each member of state, (main powers) Others etc
42 to start, later on 55. rotated




Geneva Geneva The Hague Everywhere
(Switzerland) (Switzerland) (Holland)



In addition to its four main parts, the League had various commissions to deal with the likes…

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There are lots of almost amusing stories about people's wages and examples of just how fast inflation pushed prices
up during the crisis:
People collected their wages in suitcases.
One person, who left their suitcase unattended, found that a thief had stolen the suitcase but not the money.
One boy,…

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Its formal name is General Treaty for the Renunciation of War. It was counted as an attempt to limitation of arms, yet
the period it witnessed caused a stronger realist approach in international relations.

1929 ­ Young Plan (reparations reduced)
The Young Plan is an arrangement to reduce reparations which…

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Both Scleicher and Papen do not trust Hitler and do not agree with his extremist views. Their rivalry helped Hitler gain
power because Papen wanted to help Hitler overthrow Scleicher as instead of the two men getting Chancellor, Hitler
would be best suited.
von Papen persuaded Hindenburg to appoint Hitler…

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Popular Front won national elections and Azana was appointed president of
February 1936
Spain.

March 1936 The right wing Falange Party was banned.

March to May
Street riots; strikes and general anarchy in some parts of Spain.
1936

Military uprisings in Spanish Morocco and some parts of mainland Spain. The…

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In April 1937, Guernica was the first city to be deliberately targeted for aerial bombing. Guernica was the ancient capital
of the Basques - a group who had withstood the advances of the army since the Spanish Civil War begun in 1936. The
region's resilient stand was punished by Franco…

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Chancellor

Appoints judges to the courts

Controls the armed Forces




Appoints Government Ministers




Elect Reichstag Parliament



German People




The Reichstag was weak under the Weimar Constitution because there were many different political parties and no
group could take control. The system of voting was under proportional representation where each party…

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SDD ­ Social Democratic Party




DDP ­ Democratic party
Z ­ Catholic Centre Party
DVP ­ People's party




DNVP ­ Nation People's Party
NSDAP ­ National Socialists ­ NAZI's




Revolts against the Weimar:

Political Wing LEFT WING RIGHT WING
Dateline JANUARY 1919 MARCH 1920
Location BERLIN BERLIN
Title SPARTACIST RISING…

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Deal with the SA Leadership
Retain the loyalty of the SA
Win the trust and support of the army generals
Expand the Army
Hitler's solutions:
In August 1934 Hitler has 100 SA leaders and political rivals killed in the Night of the Long Knives ­ executed by
the SS
The…

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