Germany 1919-1939

Detailed notes on Germany between 1919-1939, looks at the rise of Hitler and his foreign policy. As well as looking at the affect on Germany immediately after the WWI and the affect the Treaty of Versailles had.

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GERMANY 191939

Situation in 1919.
The situation of Germany in 1919 was little short of disastrous. Having lost
the war, the Kaiser had abdicated and had fled to exile in Holland, leaving
his former subjects to pick up the pieces and find a new way of governing the
country. The…

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6. In an emergency, the President could issue laws by decree, without having
to consult the Reichstag. This was Article 48.
7. Controversial legislation could be decided by a referendum or plebiscite.

Not everyone was happy about the new Republic under its first President,
Ebert. The main reason for this,…

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Threats To The Weimar Republic.
Between 1919 and 1923, the Weimar Republic faced several threats to its
existence: there were three attempted revolutions and also perhaps the most
serious financial crisis of the early twentieth century.

The Spartakist Rising, January 1919.
This was an attempt by the Communist Party, led…

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promised to resume payments, and the French and Belgians agreed to
withdraw the troops.
In November 1923 he resigned as Chancellor, but remained as Foreign
Minister until his death in 1929, achieving several successes for Germany in
her relations with her former enemies.
The German mark had been losing value…

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The Stresemann Era, 192429.
In this period Germany made several significant moves in foreign policy.

The Locarno Pacts, 1925.
The most important of the various Locarno pacts saw Germany, France and
Belgium sign an agreement that all three would respect the frontiers
established at Versailles Britain and Italy guaranteed that…

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Adolf Hitler.
Hitler was born in Braunnau, Austria, in 1889: he failed to gain admission to
Art College or Architectural College in Vienna, later blaming Jewish art
lecturers for this failure. In 1913 he fled to Bavaria to avoid military service
in the multiracial AustroHungarian Army.…

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'stormtroopers' of the Sturm Abteilung, the SA, bullied opponents both inside
and outside the Party into obedience. Gradually other sections of the party
were established the Hitler Youth, the League of German Girls and the
'protection squads' of the Schutzstaffeln, the SS. By late 1928 the Nazi Party
had just…

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The Nazis Become Popular, 193033.
After the death of Stresemann, no German politician had the necessary ideas
or authority to deal with the worsening economic situation: Bruning, von
Papen and von Schleicher were appointed and dismissed as Chancellor by
President Hindenburg, none of them capable of halting the disaster.


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1933 Hindenburg was acting within the powers granted him by the Weimar
constitution. It was all quite legal.


These figures show the number of seats won by the various political parties in Germany under
the Weimar Republic. Since the Weimar constitution operated by proportional representation,…

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3. For each of the five parties shown on the graph, work out whether their support increased,
decreased or remained steady in the period 1928 to 1933 and in each case try to explain why
this may have happened.


It is important to…


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