The Demographic Transition Model Part Two

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The Demographic Transition Model
Why are birth and death rates high in stage 1?
Countries such as the UK went through stage 1 between 1700
and 1760. During this time period, there was poor health care and
diseases such as Cholera and Tuberculosis were common due to
poor hygiene and a lack of proper sewage disposal. This caused
the death rate to be high. A lack of contraception meant that the
birth rate was also high. The economy was prominently
agriculturebased, so families needed lots of children to work on
the land.
Why does the death rate fall while the birth rate remains
high in stage 2?
Advances in medicine and hygiene mean that countries in stage 2
experience a fall in the death rate. However, infant mortality rates
are usually still high and so women have ore children to guarantee
that some will survive. Countries in stage two are usually LEDCs.
Why does the birth rate begin to fall in stage 3?
Stage 3 usually sees a rise in women entering education, meaning
that women wait longer to start a family, if they start one at all. The
population still continues to rise despite the fall in births because
the death rate is very low.
Which countries are in stage 4?
Most European countries such as Britain are in stage 4. Advances
in medicine, free health care and family planning keep birth and
death rates low, allowing the population to rise steadily. Late in
stage 4, the population begins to plateau.
Is there a stage 5?
There is no stage 5 on the original model, however, a fifth stage
can be added to show how countries such as Germany and
France are now experiencing a huge decline in the birth rate. This

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