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The Domestic System
Before 1750 a lot of woollen cloth was
produced in the Domestic System in people's
The Textiles Industry at this time was a low-
tech labour intensive cottage industry.
Labourers were unable to spin cotton thread
strong enough and so used half-wool cloth,
half-cotton cloth to make fustain.…read more

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How the Domestic System
The clothier buys woollen fleeces from farmers.
Clothier sells the fleece to workers in cottages for
washing & cleaning ; carding and spinning, buying it
back as yarn
Clothier sends to a weaver in a cottage or workshop.
The cloth that is produced is paid by weight
Clothier has cloth `finished' (washed, brushed, dyed
etc) in his workshop)
The finished cloth gets sold at a cloth market or in
the clothier's shop…read more

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Demand for Cloth
There was a demand for cloth due to:
Population Boom ­ increased population
meant more people needed clothing
Increase in wealth ­ people could afford more
and better clothing
Cotton became cheaper ­due to the slave
trade…read more

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The Flying Shuttle
Date: 1733
Inventor: John Kay
Use: Weaving ­ put the shuttle on wheels and
knocked it to and fro using a picker.
Produced woven cloth much faster
Allowed one worker to produce broadloom cloth on
his own
Worse quality than hand-woven
Expensive machine…read more

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Spinning Jenny
Date: 1765
Inventor: James Hargreaves
Use: Spinning ­ by using a clamp it allowed the spinner up to 16
threads at the same time.
Produced spun yarn much faster
Limited impact as could still be used at home
Needed a very skilled worker
Yarn was coarse and lacked strength
Only suitable for the filling of weft ­ the threads woven across the
warp…read more

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Miss E

This excellent and thorough powerpoint covers all the major changes in the development of the textile industry including a review of Awkwright and his methods. A must if you are studying this topic.

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