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Slide 1

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Date of release (UK): June 1 1967
Chart position (UK): 1 (27 weeks)
This album demonstrates the Beatles' true genius not just as
musicians and songwriters, but in their ability to push a recording
studio to its limits (experimental).
In 1966, the Beatles decided to stop touring with the desire to
develop their music and produce an album that represents almost
being at a concert, (the audience screamed all the time never hearing
their music).…read more

Slide 2

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John Lennon formed the Quarry Men who performed at low key events around
Liverpool playing folk, country and rock music. He was introduced to Paul
McCartney after they played at a garden fete in 1957 and George Harrison had
been introduced in 1958 to John through Paul. They continued to perform under
the name the Quarry Men, until January 1960 and changed their name several
times, before settling with the Beatles in 1961. The Beatles were initially
inspired by black, R&B and Motown music. They liked Elvis Presley, Little
Richard, Chuck Berry, Gene Vincent and Fats Domino. Even in the early pre-fame
days, they stood out from most other contemporary bands, because of their
scruffy look and energetic live concerts.
The Beatles and George Martin
The Quarry Men (manager (considered the 5th)…read more

Slide 3

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Before Sgt. Pepper, John Lennon had been the natural leader of the Beatles. It
was Lennon who formed the group back in the 1950s, and he had also been the
group's most dominant song writer. By late 1966, this had changed. McCartney
now wrote most of the songs, and seemed to have most of the ideas, while
Lennon, for the first time, appeared to be more in the background (It was, for
example, McCartney's idea to perform as the fictional Sgt. Pepper band on the
album's opening and closing cut).
The time devoted to Abbey studio recording gave unusual results, and the
Beatles once again broke new barriers in their pursuit for new and exciting
sounds. Classical orchestras and brass bands were ambitiously used to enhance
the arrangements of songs like She's Leaving Home and A Day In The Life. The
distorted vocal and organ on Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds created a whole
new experience for the listener, while Harrison's Within You Without You
blended Indian and western classical instruments, which never before had been
recorded together.…read more

Slide 4

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Instrumentation:
Paul McCartney: Vocals, bass guitar, electric guitar
John Lennon: Vocals (shouty-recitative like) ­ limited range of notes emphasises lyrics
George Harrison: Electric guitar, vocals
Ringo Starr: Drums
French Horn Quartet: Quasi-fanfare ­ triads of arpeggios and acts as homophonic
accompaniment.
Orchestral warm-up: Represents beginning of concert
Harmony:
· G major tonality with intro starting on A7 chord
· Five by Five used (also in 8 Days A Week): I II IV I ­ G7 Amaj C G
· Bass plays extended cadence at end of chorus V-I x3
Technology:
Sound effects to create a 'live' atmosphere included audience applause and laughter (over the
instrumental section with French horns) a sample from the play Beyond The Fringe, from
London's Fortune Theatre in 1961, audience screaming (where Billy Shears is introduced) is
taken from one of Beatles' concerts at the Hollywood Bowl in August 1965.…read more

Slide 5

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Lyrics:
· `let me introduce to you' ­ roll up bringing in `Billy Shears'
· `you're such a lovely audience' ­ sample audience laughter
supports this
· repeated `Sgt. Pepper's lonely' goes down in pitch, reinforced
· band act as compères `we hope you will enjoy the show'…read more

Slide 6

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Instrumentation:
Ringo Starr: Vocals, drums (break between chorus/2nd verse), tambourine
John Lennon: Vocals, cow bell
Paul McCartney: Vocals, piano (comping), bass guitar (descending riffs)
George Harrison: Electric guitars
Harmony:
E major
Suspensions/inversions (inventive harmony)
Piano provides harmonic structure
Technology:
Phasing on the voice.
Characteristics:
Question and answer within the verse and chorus answers the verse, word painting e.g.
`do
you need anybody?' rises in pitch as a question ­ `I want somebody to love' down in pitch
as an answer.…read more

Slide 7

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Slide 8

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Slide 9

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