The path the restoration

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The Path to Restoration 16581660
The Protectorate under Richard Cromwell
Divisions within the protectorate
The Protectorate was dependant on the willingness of the army to continue supporting
it, there were 5 main divisions.
1) Army
2) Republicans
3) Presbyterians
4) Radical sectaries
5) Royalists
The death of Oliver Cromwell had encouraged the royalists to believe
they had a new hope of King.
The Army
Army leaders saw benefits in keeping the Protectorate; however, among the lower
ranks there were Presbyterian sympathisers. Richard Cromwell was not a soldier so this
greatly weakened him. This weakness shows itself by the army demanding Richard give
u the position of Commanderinchief. There was still deep resentment over the
problem of army pay (owed £900,000 to soldiers) so the majority of the army was
unlikely ever to be won over until this was solved.
The Third Protectorate Parliament
The republican minority were much more vocal than any other, they launched into a
series of attacks on the legitimacy of the protectorate and tried to rally support from the
army. The conservative Presbyterian MP's responded by trying to undermine the army's
power, they tried to take command of the local militia under parliaments control. The
army united and demanded Richard end the third protectorate parliament. Richard
resisted for a time but eventually gave in. With the parliament effectively dissolved by
the Army, power was back in the hands of the army.
The Rump reassembled in 1659 to maintain the power the army had over parliament.
The Rump, MayOct 1659
Richard Cromwell failed due to
Inability to break free from army control
The strength of the republican campaign against the Protectorate

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The financial bankruptcy into which government sank
The Rump declined to acknowledge its dependence on the army and acted as though
things had not changed since the last rump. The army was particularly angry at the
rump's failure to attend to the question of army pay.
There was a sort of national panic that was caused by the possibility of the church
and state being under threat from radical forces. This frightened the conservatives
into restoring the old constitution.…read more

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Fleetwood and the army officers bowed before this storm of opposition and rather than
face a renewal of civil war they allowed the rump to reassemble in December 1659.
The Recalled Rump
Reasons the rump was recalled
The storm of opposition to army rule
Monks march on London
The Rump dismissed Desborough, Lambert and Fleetwood and they were dismissed and
replaced while Monk was invited to be Commanderinchief.…read more

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on April 4th.
On the 8th
of May 1660 England formally declared to no longer be a republic. On the 29th


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