The Origins and ideas of Anabaptist's and other radical groups

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What is the most famous episode of the Radical Reformation?
1535. The brutal end of the 'New Jerusalem' of Anabaptism in Munster
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What did the radicals want to do?
Push beyond the more conservative and cautious reformations of Luther and Zwingli, who worked with the existing authorities.
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What did the radicals want the Church to reflect?
The true Gospel
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What did radicals have in common?
Anabaptism, though many held variety of views.
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What was there in Anabaptism?
No single leader or commonly accepted doctrines
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Who was Thomas Munzer?
Most prominent Anabaptist, author of the first published Evangelical service in 1524.
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What did Thomas Munzer believe in?
That there was no real presence in Euchrist, and believed in spiritualism rather than biblicism.
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What did Thomas Munzer pursue?
A different path from Luther, he overlooked the use of force.
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What did Munzer believe that the spirit had urged him to?
become and armed prophet and lead the lord's elect against the damned.
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What did Munzer form in 1524?
The Eternal League of God on order to protect the Gospel.
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What did he do in Peasants' War?
Fought with the peasants, his peasant army was crushed on May 1524. Munzer was captured, tortured and executed.
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What did Munzer do which Luther was against?
Advocated the Peasants.
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What did Carlstadt do in German?
Introduced worship in German, and permitted the reception of communion (bread and wine) for the laity. Carlstadt celebrated the first evangelical mass.
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What did Carlstadt do without consulting to Luther?
Carlstadt persuaded the city council to remove the images from churches. Carlstadt also recommended a church order that was adopted by the town council. Fredrick the wise opposed it.
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What did Carlstadt to to break the vows of Clerical Celibacy?
He married and began to dress as layman
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Who were the Zwickau Prophets
Anabaptists. Took refuge in Wittenburg. Their presence threatened to undermine stability.
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What did the Zwickau Prophets favour?
The abolition of infant baptism, and claimed to have direct inspiration from God and called for the slaughter of all catholic priests.
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What was the Wittenberg town council's reaction to the Zwickau Prophets?
Accused Carlstadt of provoking sedition and called on Luther to intervene.
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What did Luther do on his arrival to intervene the Zwickau Prophets?
Expelled the prophets, and restored the Latin mass, although German liturgy was reintroduced four years later. Carlstadt was prohibited to publish anything and was expelled from the city.
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Card 2

Front

What did the radicals want to do?

Back

Push beyond the more conservative and cautious reformations of Luther and Zwingli, who worked with the existing authorities.

Card 3

Front

What did the radicals want the Church to reflect?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did radicals have in common?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was there in Anabaptism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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