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Defining a superpower
a lot of factors affect a countries global status "a superpower must be able to conduct a
global strategy to command economic potential and influence and present a universal ideology."
(Professor Paul Dukes) They have hegemonic global power.
Provides space for industry and agriculture
Brazil exploits its large land area for agriculture which accounts for 8% of the
Brazil is the world's first sustainable Biofuels economy and is the Biofuel industry
Russia has the most times zones than any other country in the world and it borders
14 other countries creating a greater sphere of influence.
Population `demographic' superpowers
Creates a large workforce and large internal market which stimulates growth.
"Chindia" have a population of 2.6 billion.
The EU has the largest market on earth.
Large population creates a large army e.g. the Chinese army have 2 million soldiers
(largest army in the world)
Creates a `hard' mechanism for hegemonic control.
48% of all military spending is made by the US and it has US troops on every
continent except Antarctica creating full spectrum dominance.
USA, China and Russia can be described as `nuclear superpowers' as they have access
to nuclear weapons.
More countries are getting access to `low tech' nuclear bombs e.g. Iran, Israel, North
Korea and Pakistan.
Measurements of economic strength includes how many top 500 TNCs a country has
(the USA has 162 of them) or by looking at its share of world GDP (the USA has the
Globalisation has led to emerging economies becoming economic superpowers e.g.
China has become `the workshop of the world' by embracing capitalism within a free
The Chinese economy has grown by 10% each year for 20 years, the fastest ever
industrial revolution by 2035 China will have the largest economy.
Japans economic status has declined because it has been in a 20 year recession.
Cultural globalisation is a subtle way of influencing other countries.
Consumerism and global brands e.g. Disney and McDonalds have presented a universal
ideology created by westerners attempting to create a uniform global culture.
Cultural exports embody US values/ideologies creating the `Americanisation of the
Language is also very important English is the international business language and
India has the most English speaking people in the world.
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As most countries become increasingly energy insecure the power of the `energy
superpowers' will grow to a great extent the Gulf States currently hold 60% of oil
reserves and Russia, Qatar and Iran hold 60% of gas. This power creates a `political
weapon' for these countries therefore meaning they have complete control over all
energy consumers.…read more