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STRUCTURAL PERSPECTIVES
Structural perspectives in social work emphasize that
social problems are inherent in the ways in which our
society is organized. Unlike traditional social work,
which has often individualized both problems and
interventions, structural social work focuses on social
structures and the ways in which these maintain
oppression and privilege. Structural social work
recognizes that while radical social change (e.g.
redistribution of wealth and resources) is needed, it
is also essential to attend to the needs of those who
are being marginalized, exploited and harmed in our
society as it exists now. A structural social worker
may work at a personal level (e.g. with individuals
and families) as well as at a political level, but the
work will be informed by an analysis of structural
power and oppression.…read more

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CONSENSUS
CONFLICT
In terms of understanding human behavior and
its constraints, nothing can be more opposite
than consensus and conflict theory. Consensus
theory stresses what social groups have in
common, while conflict theory stresses the fact
that different groups in have widely varying
access to power and wealth. In fact, their
primary stress is on completely opposite forms of
human action, making these forms the center of
all human society.…read more

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FUNCTIONALISM
This perspective is built upon twin emphases:
application of the scientific method to the
objective social world and use of an analogy
between the individual organism and society.
Talcott Parsons
Emile Durkheim Robert Merton…read more

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MARXISM
Marxism itself can be
recognized as both a
political philosophy and
a sociology, particularly
to the extent it
attempts to remain
scientific, systematic
and objective rather
than purely normative
and prescriptive.…read more

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FEMINISM
Feminism is a conflict
theory which observes
gender in its relation to
power, both at the level
of face-to-face
interaction and
reflexivity within a
social structure at
large.…read more

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