Spanish Tenses

Contains Present, Perfect, Pluperfect, Preterite, Imperfect, Immediate Future, Real Future, Conditional, Present Subjunctive, Gerund (Present Participle), Imperatives in the tu form (both negative and positive, and with reflexives) and Imperfect Subjunctive.

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  • Created by: Olivia
  • Created on: 07-05-12 11:46
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First 131 words of the document:

Olivia Meisl, Aylesbury High School
Regular -ar -er -ir
-o -o -o
-as -es -es
-a -e -e
-amos -emos -imos
-áis -éis -ís
-an -en -en
Present
Ser Estar Ir
Soy Estoy Voy
Eres Estás Vas
Es Está Va
Somos Estamos Vamos
Sois Estáis Vais
Son Están Van
SER IS FOR PERMANENT THINGS.
ESTAR IS FOR TEMPORARY THINGS AND LOCATIONS.
Perfect
Haber
He
Has
Has
Hemos
Habéis
Han
Correct form of Haber + past participle
-ar verbs -er/ir verbs
Remove `-ar' Remove `-er'
and add `-ado' or `-ir' and
add `-ido'

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Olivia Meisl, Aylesbury High School
Verb Past Participle English
Abrir Abierto Opened
Cubrir Cubierto Covered
Decir Dicho Said
Descubrir Descubierto Knew/discovered
Escribir Escrito Written
Hacer Hecho Done/made
Poner Puesto Put
Romper Roto Broken
Ver Visto Seen
Volver Vuelto Returned
Había
Habías
Había
Habíamo
s
Habías
Habían
Pluperfect
Había hecho ­ I had done Imperfect of Haber + past participle
Preterite
-ar verbs -er and
­ir
verbs
-é -í
-aste -iste
-ó -ió
-amos -imos
-asteis -isteis
-aron -ieron
Irregular Verbs Yo Él/Ella/Uste
d…read more

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Olivia Meisl, Aylesbury High School
Dar Di Dio
Decir Dije Dijo
Poder Pude Pudo
Poner Puse Puso
Querer Quise Quiso
Tener Tuve Tuvo
Traer Traje Trajo
Venir Vine Vino
Stem of infinitive + ending
Estar Hacer Ser/Ir
Estuve Hice Fui
Estuviste Hiciste Fuiste
Estuvo Hizo Fue
Estuvimos Hicimos Fuimos
Estuvistei Hicistei Fuisteis
s s
Estuviero Hiciero Fueron
n n
Imperfect
-ar verbs -er and ­ir
verbs
-aba -ía
-abas -ías
-aba -ía
-ábamos -íamos
-abas -íais
-aban -ían
Infinitive minus -ar/-er/-ir + endings
Ver changes…read more

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Olivia Meisl, Aylesbury High School
Immediate Future
Ir in present tense + a + Infinitive
`I'm going to go' ­ voy a ir
Real Future
Irregular Verbs Stem
Decir Dir-
Haber Habr-
Hacer Har-
Tener Tendr-
Poner Pondr-
Querer Querr-
Saber Sabr-
Venir Vendr-
Slir Saldr-
Poder Podr-
Infinitive + ending

-ás

-emos
-éis
- án
Conditional
Real future stems + -er/-ir imperfect endings
Querría > Quisiera ­ I would like (politer form)…read more

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Olivia Meisl, Aylesbury High School
Present Subjunctive
Start with the `yo' form
Drop the `o'
Add present tense `er/ir' endings to `ar' verbs, and present tense `ar' endings to `er/ir' verbs.
Gerund/Present Participle
The gerund is formed by removing the infinitive endings, ar, er, and ir and by adding ando to ar and
iendo to er and ir. The gerund is used to form the progressive or continuous tenses.…read more

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Olivia Meisl, Aylesbury High School
Vestir > Vistes > Viste
Limitar > limitas > Limita
Irregulars:
Decir > Di
Hacer > Haz
Ir > Ve
Poner > Pon
Salir > Sal
Ser > Sé
Tener > Ten
Venir > Ven
Negative imperatives in the `tu' form ­ use a negative word (such as `no') plus the present
subjunctive
Eg.…read more

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