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  • Created on: 01-03-10 00:31

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Present Tense
Regular verbs. To form the present indicative of regular verbs, drop the infinitive ending (ar,
er, or ir) and add the endings given below:
hablar (to speak) comer (to eat) vivir (to live)
hablo hablamos como comemos vivo vivimos
hablas habláis comes coméis vives vivís
habla hablan come comen vive viven
In the above examples, note that the endings for the er and ir verbs are identical except for
the nosotros and vosotros forms.
Stem changing verb
These verbs are also referred to as "radical changing verbs" the word radical in Spanish
means "stem" or "root". The stem vowel undergoes a change when it is stressed in the
present tense. [These verbs do not so change in any other tense --except for ir verbs,
which experience a stem change in the ndo form, in the present subjunctive and in the
o > ue (the stem vowel o changes to ue when stressed)
acostar (put to bed) acuesto, acuestas, acuesta, acostamos, acostáis, acuestan
volver (return, go back) vuelvo, vuelves, vuelve, volvemos, volvéis, vuelven
dormir (sleep) duermo, duermes, duerme, dormimos, dormís, duermen
Similar verbs: acordarse (remember), almorzar (eat lunch), apostar (bet), contar
(count, relate), costar (cost), encontrar (find), llover (rain), morir (die), mover
(move), oler (smell), poder (be able), probar (try, prove), recordar (remember),
rogar (beg), sonar (sound), soñar (dream), volar (fly).
e > ie (the stem vowel e changes to ie when stressed ­ er verbs only):
empezar (begin) empiezo, empiezas, empieza, empezamos, empezáis, empiezan
querer (want) quiero, quieres, quiere, queremos, queréis, quieren
sentir (feel) siento, sientes, siente, sentimos, sentís, sienten
Similar verbs: advertir (notice), atravesar (cross), calentar (heat), cerrar (close),
comenzar (begin), convertir (convert), defender (defend), despertar (awaken),
divertir (amuse), empezar (begin), gobernar (govern), herir (injure), pensar
(think), perder (lose) querer (want), sentir (feel, regret), tropezar (stumble).
e > i (the stem vowel e changes to i when stressed ir verbs only):
pedir (request, ask for) pido, pides, pide, pedimos, pedís, piden

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Similar verbs: competir (compete), conseguir (get), corregir (correct), derretir
(melt), despedir (fire, say goodbye), elegir (elect), medir (measure), reír (laugh),
servir (serve), seguir (follow, continue), sonreír (smile), repetir (repeat), vestir
u > ue (the stem vowel u changes to ue when stressed [in the verb jugar only]):
jugar (play [a game or sport]) juego, juegas, juega, jugamos, jugáis, juegan
Verbs with an irregular first person singular (yo) form.…read more

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é, sabes, sabe, sabemos, sabéis, saben
ver (see) veo, ves, ve, vemos, veis, ven
Verbs which add an accent over a final weak vowel
The vowels i and u (form an accent!) are "weak vowels" in contrast to the "strong
vowels" a, e, and o. When they come in contact with any other vowel they normally form a
dipthong the addition of a written accent keeps this dipthonization from occurring.
Continuar continúo, continúas, continúa, continuamos, continuáis, continúan
("I continue, you continue", etc.…read more


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