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INITIATION
· PROPOSED BY GELKOPF ET AL, 2002
· INDIVIDUALS INTENTIONALLY USE DRUGS TO
TREAT PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS FROM
WHICH THEY SUFFER
· INDIVIDUAL PERCIEVES THE DRUG AS HELPING
WITH PARTICULAR DISORDER.
· DRUG MAY NOT ACTUALLY MAKE THINGS
BETTER, THEY NEED ONLY TO BE JUDGED TO BE
DOING SO BY THE INDIVIDUAL TO BECOME AN
ADDICTION.…read more

Slide 3

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MAINTENANCE AND RELAPSE
· THEY CARRY IT ON BECAUSE THEY FEEL IT
HELPS THEM, FOR EXAMPLE A SMOKER USES
IT FOR STRESS RELIEF AND WHEN THEY STOP
SMOKING, THEY GET STRESSED SO THEY
SMOKE AGAIN TO RELIEVE THE STRESS. WHEN
THEY DO RELAPSE THEY GET STRESSED AGAIN
AND SO IT CONTINUES.…read more

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EVALUATION OF THE SELF-
MEDICATION MODEL ­ RESEARCH
SUPPORT
· Gottdiener et al (2008) ­ meta-analysis of 10
studies to test one of the central features of the
S-M explanation, that substance abuse disorders
are associated with failures of ego control.
· Ego control represents the ability to control
impulses to self-medicate through drug and
alcohol use.
· Gottdiener et al. found that participants with
substance abuse disorders showed significant
failures in ego control compared with a control
group of non-alcoholics.…read more

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EVALUATION OF THE SELF-
MEDICATION MODEL ­ RESEARCH
SUPPORT
· Sanjuan et al (2009) found that sexually
abused women were likely to turn to alcohol
and other drugs to remove sexual inhibitions
than were non-abused women.…read more

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EVALUATION OF THE SELF-
MEDICATION MODEL ­ CRITICISM
· There is a problem with cause and effect with
this model though and it is also difficult to
explain why a addictive behaviour has been
initiated when no major psychological
problems are present, however this could be
argued as a matter of opinion as the level of
which an event is stressful is subjective.…read more

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