Addiction Psya4 AQA A A01 overview

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  • ADDICTION
    • MODELS
      • BIOLOGICAL
        • G: initiation: the role of genetics
        • G: maintenance: pituitary-adrenal response & sensation-seeking
        • G: relapse: Boredom avoidance
        • S: initiation: genetics
        • S: maintenance: effects of nicotine & pre-natal exposure
        • S: relapse: genetic influence
      • COGNITIVE
        • G: Initiation: self medication
        • G: maintenance: the role of irrational beliefs
        • G: Relapse: recall bias and the 'just-world hypothesis'
        • S: initiation: expectancy theory
        • S: maintenance: automatic processing
        • S: relapse: assessing costs and benefits
      • LEARNING
        • G: initiation: operant conditioning & SLT
        • G: maintenance: intermittent reinforcement & social approval
        • G: relapse: conditioned cues & approach - avoidance conflict
        • S: initiation: availability of role models & popularity as a positive reinforcer
        • S: maintenance: repetition and sensory aspects
        • S: relapse: conditioned cues & refusal self-efficacy
    • FACTORS
      • RISK
        • Stress
          • Daily hassles
          • Traumatic
        • Peers
          • SLT- Bandura
          • Social Identity Theory
        • Age
        • Personality
          • Neuroticism & psychoticism
          • Tri- Dimensional theory of addictive behaviour
      • Media
        • Films
        • Television support
        • Anti- drug campaigns
    • REDUCTION/ INTERVENTION
      • Theory of Planned Behaviour
        • Behvioural attitude
        • Changing Subjective Norms
        • Perceived Behavioural Control
          • Self effiicacy
        • Addiction to sun
        • Internet
      • Biological
        • Methadone
        • Drug treatment for G
      • Psychological
        • Reinforcement
        • CBT
      • Public Health Intervention
        • NIDA
        • Telephone smoking QUITLINE
        • Prevention of youth gambling

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