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AQA sociology A2 level

Topic: religion

For the 33 markers, you need to put in lots of links about the "nature of sociological
thought, methods of sociological enquiry, and the core themes (socialisation, culture
and identity and social differentiation, power and stratification)."B asically, talk about
the concepts of each theory…

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Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the view that religion is `the opium of the
people'. [18 marks] (June 2015)

Postmodernity New Age movements; disenchantment; spiritual shopping; religiosity; lifestyle;
pick and mix religion; postmodernity. Davie, Lyon,
Fundamentalism social change; globalisation; modernity. Bruce, Berger, Weber.
Feminism feminism; patriarchy. El…

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Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the view that most people today choose not
to be lifelong members of religious organisations. (18 marks) (January 2012)

Secularisation disenchantment; globalisation; social solidarity, structural differentiation;
anomie. Lyon, Parsons, Lyotard, Berger.
Postmodernism/lifestyle may change spiritual shopping; lifestyle; pick and mix religion; new…

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`Religion is now about consumerism, where spiritual shoppers look in the spiritual marketplace
for a product that suits their lifestyle.' To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence
support this view? [33 marks] (June 2015)

Ethnic minorities use it for important transition in life, retain culture. Cultural defence,
cultural transition.…

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Class/Marxism Marxism, neoMarxism, theodicies of disprivilege, status frustration,
empowerment, opiate .
Ethnicity Pryce, Bruce.

Evaluate the contribution of Marxist theories to our understanding of the role and functions of
religion in the world today. (33 marks) (June 2013)

Feminism feminism; patriarchy cultural defence. El Saadawi, Holm.
Functionalism civil religion, religiosity,…

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`The growth of New Age and similar movements is evidence of a spiritual revolution in society
today.' To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence support this view? (33 marks)
(January 2012)

Privatisation of belief believing without belonging, declining church attendance. Davie, Lyon,
Bruce (sec in Amer.)
Growth in NAM…

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Cultural identity against outsider political influence. Bruce.
Cultural defence in another country. Bruce, Pryce.
Cultural hybridity. Modood.
Fundamentalism, reaction to globalisation and security of faith. Bauman, Giddens.
Marxism government/social groups defending their power. Marx, El Saadawi, Althusser,
Functionalism staying in social values and expectations, value consensus. Durkheim, Parsons.

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