SCLY3 essay since 2011

SCLY3 essay plans for the 18 and 33 makers since 2011. It's a rough guide for the topics or structure you can use for the exam questions. It has every question asked for the topic since 2011 but doesn't include 2016 exam questions. I hope you find it useful :)

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  • Created on: 23-06-16 16:37
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AQA sociology A2 level
Topic: religion
For the 33 markers, you need to put in lots of links about the "nature of sociological
thought, methods of sociological enquiry, and the core themes (socialisation, culture
and identity and social differentiation, power and stratification)."B asically, talk about
the concepts of each theory like value consensus or communism. Learn the r esearch
methods used in a few of the studies and use for evaluation where possible. Also, use the
core themes for positive and negative evaluation.
Use uptodate examples and get some easilyapplied stats. Problems of studying the
topics and other factors involved in the topics. These only apply to the 33 marker.
In the 12 ­ 15 band (QWC 33MARKER), candidates' answers are likely to be characterised
by the very good to excellent logical expression of ideas and the precise use of a broad
range of conceptual terms. Spelling, punctuation and grammar will be of a very good to
excellent standard, with commonly and less commonly used words and sociological terms
almost always spelt correctly. Meaning will be clear throughout.

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Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the view that religion is `the opium of the
people'. [18 marks] (June 2015)
Postmodernity New Age movements; disenchantment; spiritual shopping; religiosity; lifestyle;
pick and mix religion; postmodernity. Davie, Lyon,
Fundamentalism social change; globalisation; modernity. Bruce, Berger, Weber.
Feminism feminism; patriarchy. El Saadawi, Holm, Armstrong.
Functionalism statusquo; lifecrises; social solidarity; anomie. Bellah, Durkheim, Malinowski,
Parsons.
Marxism status quo; false class consciousness; cushion/instrument of oppression; oppression;
Marxism; NeoMarxism; fundamentalism. Marx, Gramsci.…read more

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Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the view that most people today choose not
to be lifelong members of religious organisations. (18 marks) (January 2012)
Secularisation disenchantment; globalisation; social solidarity, structural differentiation;
anomie. Lyon, Parsons, Lyotard, Berger.
Postmodernism/lifestyle may change spiritual shopping; lifestyle; pick and mix religion; new
religious movements; New Age movements, pilgrims and converts. Heelas, Wallis, Stark and
Bainbridge, HervieuLeger.
May only need for a short time liberation theology, New Christian Right. Maduro, Bruce.
Marxism/Feminism status quo; false class consciousness; patriarchy.…read more

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Religion is now about consumerism, where spiritual shoppers look in the spiritual marketplace
for a product that suits their lifestyle.' To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence
support this view? [33 marks] (June 2015)
Ethnic minorities use it for important transition in life, retain culture. Cultural defence,
cultural transition. Bruce. Miller and Hoffman.
Functionalism argues that religion plays important roles that cannot be replaced. Civil religion,
personal crises. Durkheim, Malinowski, Parsons.…read more

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Class/Marxism Marxism, neoMarxism, theodicies of disprivilege, status frustration,
empowerment, opiate .
Ethnicity Pryce, Bruce.
Evaluate the contribution of Marxist theories to our understanding of the role and functions of
religion in the world today. (33 marks) (June 2013)
Feminism feminism; patriarchy cultural defence. El Saadawi, Holm.
Functionalism civil religion, religiosity, life crises. Durkheim, Parsons, Malinowski, Bellah.
Ethnic minorities cultural transition, cultural defence. Bruce.
Postmodernism spiritual shopping; pick and mix religions, religiosity, holistic milieu,
metanarratives. Davie, Heelas, Lyon, Stark and Bainbridge.…read more

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The growth of New Age and similar movements is evidence of a spiritual revolution in society
today.' To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence support this view? (33 marks)
(January 2012)
Privatisation of belief believing without belonging, declining church attendance. Davie, Lyon,
Bruce (sec in Amer.)
Growth in NAM mindbodyspirit, selfspirituality, global cafeteria, therapy, selfreligions,
holistic milieu. Heelas, Brown, Heelas and Woodhead.
Types of NRMs and detraditionalisation Wallis, Parsons, Weber.
Postmodernism/consumerism spiritual shopping, pick and mix religions, religiosity,
detraditionalisation, metanarrative and consumer culture.…read more

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Cultural identity against outsider political influence. Bruce.
Cultural defence in another country. Bruce, Pryce.
Cultural hybridity. Modood.
Fundamentalism, reaction to globalisation and security of faith. Bauman, Giddens.
Marxism government/social groups defending their power. Marx, El Saadawi, Althusser,
Gramsci.
Functionalism staying in social values and expectations, value consensus. Durkheim, Parsons.
Gender and age Voas and Crockett, Miller and Hoffman, Greeley.
Assess the view that religion is a major source of instability and conflict in society today.…read more

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