All the SCLY4 33 markers essay plans since 2011 and more

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Students will be rewarded at all levels for an understanding of the connections
between the issues raised by this question and the nature of sociological thought,
methods of sociological enquiry and the core themes (socialisation culture and identity,
and social differentiation, power and stratification). FACTS AND STATS!

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Assess the view that a sociologist's theoretical perspective is the most important factor in their
choice both of research methods and of topics to investigate (2015)
Theoretical factors in sociologist's choice of research methods
Reliability Durkheim OS on suicide Atkinson
Validity Becker unstructured interviews
Representativ British Crime Survey structured interview Weber verhensten and
eness unstructured interviews
Theoretical factors in the sociologist's choice of topic to investigate and choice of topic
Consensus Parsons system's needs and family
Conflict And Positivistic... And Interpretivist ...
Oakleymalestream.…read more

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A `first wave' of feminism appeared in the late 19th century, with the suffragette's campaign for
the right to vote. The 1960s saw a `second wave' emerge on a global scale.
Greater understanding of the similarities and differences between branches of feminism
such as radical versus liberal feminism
Marxist Benston capitalism benefits from a reserve force of labour. In their role as secondary bread winner
married women provide a source of cheap and easily exploitable labour.…read more

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Difference Collins most feminist theory has suppressed Black women's ideas and concentrates on the
experiences of white MC women. A `masculinist bias in Black social and political through' and
`racist bias in feminist theory'.
Oakley. Value freedom versus commitment, laws needed / used to redress males/ female
power imbalance. The critique of malestream sociology.…read more

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Assess the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of society (June 2013)
Differences between branches of Marxism such as structural versus humanist Marxism
Structural Althusser ideological state apparatus; repressive state apparatus. Marxism is a
Ideology (S,C,H) science, determinism/structural factors; socialism comes into play when contradictions to
capitalism bring its fall. Focuses on laws of capitalist development.…read more

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Classical Marx Historical materialism; class society; ; class conflict; false consciousness;
Alienation (C,H) exploitation; alienation; ideology; base/superstructure distinction; capitalism.
Economic determinism, simplistic class only.
Structural (S,C) Classless society, class consciousness; communism.
·A major force in social thought influencing the progress of actual social change
·Influenced other critical social thinkers e.g. Weber & Feminists
·Attempts to link the individual to the structure of society
·It emphasises socialisation into a capitalist society
Economic determinism: it assumes everything is influenced by the economy, but this ignores
free will.…read more

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Assess the contribution of functionalist and New Right theories and research to our
understanding of society today. (Jan 2012)
Greater understanding of the subtle differences between functionalist and New Right views
Functionalis Parsons: social system has functional prerequisites. It needs its members to have adaption, goal
m attainment, integration and pattern maintence.…read more

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It was the first major attempt to produce a grand theory of society. Successfully demonstrates
that social institutions are linked together. Allows us to understand the functions (manifest &
latent) of social rituals and institutions. Examines the importance of primary socialisation for any
social order to be possible.
Similarities Role of the family
Conservative bias, macro theory, positivistic research methods
.…read more

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Realists say we can't and shouldn't treat sociology like a science because it's an open
system with processes that are too complex to make accurate predictions. The nature of
natural science; laboratory and other experiments. Keat and Urry, Taylor, Zimbardo.
Marxist view: Althusser the role of sociology is to uncover how the ruling class control the
working class Marxists should be committed to the breaking down of capitalism and how it
exploits people.…read more

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Research Glaser and Strauss Popper the scientific approach should
methods Keat and Urry follow the hypotheticodeductive
/subject Schutz approach.
matter/t Kuhn
Value Weber Research should focus on the search for
freedom Gouldner the causes of events in society this can
lead to discovering the laws of human
behaviour. Only factors that are directly
observable and can be statistically
measured form acceptable data.
Practical The aim of research should be to understand this
using qualitative data and not the artificial conditions
of a lab.…read more


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