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Students will be rewarded at all levels for an understanding of the connections
between the issues raised by this question and the nature of sociological thought,
methods of sociological enquiry and the core themes (socialisation culture and identity,
and social differentiation, power and stratification). FACTS AND STATS!

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Assess the view that a sociologist's theoretical perspective is the most important factor in their
choice both of research methods and of topics to investigate (2015)

Theoretical factors in sociologist's choice of research methods

Reliability Durkheim OS on suicide Atkinson

Validity Becker unstructured interviews

Representativ British Crime Survey structured interview…

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A `first wave' of feminism appeared in the late 19th century, with the suffragette's campaign for
the right to vote. The 1960s saw a `second wave' emerge on a global scale.

Greater understanding of the similarities and differences between branches of feminism
such as radical versus liberal feminism

Marxist Benston…

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Difference Collins most feminist theory has suppressed Black women's ideas and concentrates on the
experiences of white MC women. A `masculinist bias in Black social and political through' and
`racist bias in feminist theory'.


Oakley. Value freedom versus commitment, laws needed / used to redress males/ female

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Assess the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of society (June 2013)

Differences between branches of Marxism such as structural versus humanist Marxism

Structural Althusser ideological state apparatus; repressive state apparatus. Marxism is a
Ideology (S,C,H) science, determinism/structural factors; socialism comes into play when contradictions to
capitalism bring its fall.…

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revolution to challenge the ruling class because they are in a state of false class

Classical Marx Historical materialism; class society; ; class conflict; false consciousness;
Alienation (C,H) exploitation; alienation; ideology; base/superstructure distinction; capitalism.
Economic determinism, simplistic class only.
Structural (S,C) Classless society, class consciousness; communism.

·A major force…

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Assess the contribution of functionalist and New Right theories and research to our
understanding of society today. (Jan 2012)

Greater understanding of the subtle differences between functionalist and New Right views

Functionalis Parsons: social system has functional prerequisites. It needs its members to have adaption, goal
m attainment, integration and…

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It was the first major attempt to produce a grand theory of society. Successfully demonstrates
that social institutions are linked together. Allows us to understand the functions (manifest &
latent) of social rituals and institutions. Examines the importance of primary socialisation for any
social order to be possible.

Similarities Role…

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Realists say we can't and shouldn't treat sociology like a science because it's an open
system with processes that are too complex to make accurate predictions. The nature of
natural science; laboratory and other experiments. Keat and Urry, Taylor, Zimbardo.
Marxist view: Althusser the role of sociology is to uncover…

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Research Glaser and Strauss Popper the scientific approach should
methods Keat and Urry follow the hypotheticodeductive
/subject Schutz approach.
matter/t Kuhn

Value Weber Research should focus on the search for
freedom Gouldner the causes of events in society this can
lead to discovering the laws of human


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