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Impacts of the First World War
· High Casualties- 1,800,000 Russian soldiers dead by the
end of 1917.
· The Russian economy collapsed- inflation
· The railway couldn't deal with the needs of the troops
and the people at home.
· There was a shortage of rifles and equipment for the
army.
· Widespread hunger and food and fuel shortages at
home.
· The Tsar took control of the army- made him unpopular
as he was a bad leader.…read more

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The Role of the Royal Family
Beliefs The influence of Rasputin
Autocracy (he had all power) Made the Royal Family unpopular as stories of
him raping women and him having an affair
Had been chosen by God with the Tsarina were in the newspapers
No one had the right to everyday
challenge him He had control of Alexandria because he could
Democracy would lead to ruin cure her son
for Russia He made the government weak and indecisive
as he had the power to chose the government
The Weaknesses of the Tsar
Indecisive
Successful ministers were sacked and replaced with family members
Unable to delegate
Didn't understand the Russian people
No interest in the government
Used the Okrana- secret police to get rid of the people who went against him…read more

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Opposition to the Tsar
Liberals/ Kadets Social Revolutionaries (SR)
Leader -> Milyukov Leader -> Chernov
Supporters -> Middle Class Supporters -> Peasants
Method -> Peaceful pressure on Method -> Assassination of Tsar and
Tsar to share power violent revolution
Wanted a democratic government Wanted peasants to have all land- rule
like in Britain themselves
Social Democratic Party (SDS)
Mensheviks + Bolsheviks
Followed teachings of Marx- that the Tsar would be overthrown to establish
Communism
Leader -> Lenin
How to gain power -> Revolution by a small group of revolutionaries to avoid
being found out…read more

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The February 1917 Revolution
Causes:
Long term- inefficient rule of the Tsar, no
freedom of speech, inequality in society, poor
living conditions for workers, the activities of the
opposition groups.
Short term- the impacts of the war, the
influence of Rasputin and the attitude of the
aristocracy…read more

Slide 6

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In February 1917, people in the towns were
starving and freezing.
The revolution was started by women demanding
bread and turned into rioting.
The Tsarina sent in troops who mutinied and
started to help the rioters.
Workers and soldiers set up the Petrograd Soviet.…read more

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