Slides in this set
ALEXANDER II (1855-1881)
· Emancipation of the serfs in 1861.
1864 set up the zemstva and in
1870 power was extended to
towns and cities.
· 1870 modernised judicial scheme
extending power away from just
· Assassinated on way to sign a
decree allowing elective national
PROBLEMS FOR ALEXANDER III
· Unite a massive country (5000
miles east to west) when many
· Maintain supreme political power
made difficult by fathers reforms.
· Pressure to reform and be like
western/central Europe whilst
others opposed reform…read more
REPRESSION AND REACTION
· Assassination of AIII
threatened social structure.
At the top was the tsar then
landed aristocracy and the
Russian Orthodox church
· Repression was therefore
supported by these as there
position relied on that of the
tsar. These supporters know
as slavophiles…read more
· Pobedonostev, replaced liberal
ministers as chief minister.
· Manifesto 1881- sole power lay with
· Destroy the people's will - set up
statute of state security to try
· Stop spread of liberal ideas. 14
papers banned 1882 89. censored
books by Okhrana.
· Universities under control of central
INCREASED CENTRAL CONTROL
· Pobedonostev undone reforms-
created land captains to enforce
local laws. Members of the landed
· 1890 land captains made members
of the zemstva. Landed classed had
the most power.
· Primary schools under church
control and introduced restrictions
· 1890 government had the right to
choose juries…read more