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EXPLANATIONS OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOUR


tHEORIES OF
CRIMINAL
bEHAVIOUR
BIOLOGICAL PERSONALITY INTERACTIONIST SOCIAL LEARNING
Lombroso ­ facial Eysenck ­ EPQ Mednick ­ adoption Bandura ­ vicarious
features Hare ­ Hare Scale study reinforcement
Sheldon ­ body types Freud ­ poorly Farrington ­ mostly Zimbardo ­ social
Raine developed superego social but…

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Issues in explanations for criminal behaviour
CORRELATION VERSUS CAUSATION ­ IMPORTANT AS IF CAN IDENTIFY CAUSES THEN CAN PREVENT
CRIME BEFORE IT HAPPENS USEFUL FOR SOCIAL POLICY AND WILL SAVE UK BILLIONS
Here you could C&C Sheldon and Lombroso or Farrington C&C Mednick ­ as all research correlational due to…

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CRIMINAL THINKING PATTERNS
morality and crime ­ immature moral thinking
Kohlberg Palmer and Hollin
3 levels of moral development Young Offenders
Cognitive development in response to Heinz Dilemma Scale used to measure attitudes
Says our moral development result of social influences such
as parenting

SOCIAL COGNITION AND CRIME ­ SAYS…

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ISSUES AROUND CRIMINAL THINKING PATTERNS
nature versus nurture ­ important as can put corrective social policies in place
Parenting styles seem to be common factor Palmer and Hollin C&C Yochelson and Samenow ­ supports personality
explanations ­ could then support introduction of parenting centres and forced parenting classes on problem…

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CRIME VICTIM INTERACTION
WHO ARE THE
VICTIMS? SURVEYS A
GOOD WAY TO FIND OUT
the dark figure of crime
Official Crime Statistics British Crime Survey Simmonds and Dodd ­ Crime Nayak
in England and Wales
Very useful compilation of 19000 households interviewed Combination of stats from Thru children's eyes
reported…

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Showed what factors affect whether
you will fight back and/or report the
crime



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ISSUES IN CRIME VICTIM INTERACTION
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES ­ IMPORTANT POINT AS WE ALL RESPOND DIFFERENTLY SO ISSUES OF
GENERALISABILITY
Could start with Donaldson here and discuss particular issues with elderly then C&C with Nayak and issues around
criminalisation of gender and then C&C Kidd where reckless personality is a factor.…

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OFFENDER PROFILING
uk dAVID cANTER usa fbi aPPROACH RESSLER
Bottom up approach focus on the crime scene and Top down approach
clues gathered from it Focus on creating cognitive models which can then be
Theories based on in depth interviews with 27 placed `over' the scene
offenders which helped him…

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