Institutional Aggression Revision Notes

Revision notes on institional aggression outlined with studies. Only A01 points. Includes the Importation, situational and popcorn model. I've used colours and images to help your understanding :)

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Jazmin Ezenekwe A2 Psychology - Aggression
Institutional Aggression
Institutional aggression is aggressive behaviour that has become the norm within an institution.
There are 2 types of factors that are used to explain institutional aggression:
Dispositional factors (The Importation Model)
-Proposes institutional aggression occurs because of the individual characteristics of the
people in these institutions.
Interpersonal factors
Irwin and Cressey (1962) claim the prisoners
bring their own social histories and traits with them
into prison and this influences their adaption to the
prison environment.
They argue they are not `blank states' when they enter prison their aggressive tendencies
would be `imported' into the prison.
Recognised 3 different prison subcultures:
Criminal- prisoners followed norms associated with being a criminal, being trustworthy and
not betraying other criminals.
Convict- prisoners been raised in prison system, look for positions of power in the system,
most likely to turn to aggression. Influenced by prior deprivation.
One time offenders not part of a criminal subculture before. Steer clear of other groups,
identify with staff and officers- not aggressive.
Personal and psychological factors that existed
before imprisonment can affect level of aggressive
behaviour shown in prison. Mills, Kroner & Weekes
(1998) studied prisoners admitted to Canadian prison-
those who were alcoholic dependant were more
aggressive in prison.

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Jazmin Ezenekwe A2 Psychology - Aggression
Demographic variables- seem to influence aggression. Studies in America have shown
non-white and younger prisoners more likely to be aggressive. Kane & Janus- because it is
these groups that are separated from mainstream social norms which promote pro social
behaviour- live in subcultures where aggression is valued, respected and reinforced- take
that aggression out of context and into prison.…read more

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Jazmin Ezenekwe A2 Psychology - Aggression
He outlined 5 deprivations that he believes arise from becoming an inmate that lead to
prisoners becoming aggressive to release stress and gain control over the social order
imposed on them.
Deprivation of Liberty The prisoner isn't someone who is trusted to live
in the free world. They are rejected by society,
is shown by using numbers and wearing
uniforms. Prisoners have to ask before they eat,
sleep, shower and interact.…read more

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Jazmin Ezenekwe A2 Psychology - Aggression
Another situational model is THE POPCORN MODEL:
Folger & Skarlicki (1995)
Prisoners become aggressive because of the `heat' applied to them making them pop (act
aggressively)…read more

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