Resource Exploitation in an LEDC Case Study: Papua New Guinea

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Resource Exploitation in LEDCs Case Study: Papua New Guinea
Location: Eastern half of the island of New Guinea and includes the surrounding islands. They are surrounded by coral reefs and the land is
covered in tropical rainforest. Just above Australia and to the right of Indonesia in the Pacific Ocean.
Conservation = to manage the environment in such a way that it will be protected from change
Exploitation = when the environment is used in such a way that it is destroyed and will be of no use to future generations
Sustainable Development = the development of an area using techniques and approaches that will help to preserve the environment
Conservation in Papua New Guinea
Crater Mountain Wildlife Management Area is a 2000 km2 area set up in the 1990's and is where plants and animals will not be
Set up in early 1990's to protect various species of birds and mammals and to persuade the government to respect the environment
and not grant any timber or mineral authorities
Activities such as logging, mining and oil drilling damage the environment
Areas like this should be encouraged to help protect more and more of the environment and not let it be damaged or let species of
animals become extinct
Exploitation: Sissamo Lagoon
Located in the North of Papua New Guinea and is an important fishing ground for prawns and has a very fragile coral reef ecosystem
The Lou Oil Palm Project (1996) was planned for the reef's catchment area. The local Sissamo community would be moved inland,
but the forest will be lost and sediment will rise due to clearing land for the growing of palm oil
The true motivation for the Oil Palm project is to sell trees on the world timber market and make lots of money
The forest is not being replaced so will not be useful to future generations (exploitation)
Exploitation: Concord Pacific Road
Concord Pacific built a road from Aiambak to Kiunga
Local people were not consulted about the plan but were given tobacco and promised that the area will be better developed due to
the new road
The landowners were only paid a fraction of the price that they were promised, and they were tricked into thinking it would all be
better for their development (exploitation of local people and environment)
In 2001, local villagers organised themselves into the Lake Murray Resource Owners Association (LMROA)
The Papua New Guinea government did not get involved because they were probably happy at the idea of making lots of money
through development and exploitation
In 2003, LMROA took the company to court (Concord Pacific) and the logging stopped
** Logging means cutting down the trees and using them for furniture and paper. It is big business and companies like Lou Oil Palm and
Concord Pacific use ruses (pretences like building a road) to be able to log areas that are protected **
Sustainable Development: Collingwood Bay Community Land Care Project
Before 1996, this area was used as a tourist destination and for cottage industries
Ecotourism is tourism in an eco-friendly way
the aims of this project are to protect the natural and cultural heritage of the Collingwood Bay Area and to help the local community
to plan for sustainable development
Tapa cloth production, agriculture (e.g. nut harvesting) and tourism go on in the area
This project is sustainable because ecotourism will be developed and sustainable development will take place during agriculture


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