Religious Studies Key Words (Rights and Responsibilities, Environmental and Medical issues, Peace and Conflict, Crime and punishment) AQA

All the key words for religious studies Christianity and Islam, i Hope it helps pass your exams :) 

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Rights and Responsibilities Key Words
Bible: the Holy book of Christians
Church: the community of Christians (with a small `c' it is the Christian place of worship)
Conscience: an inner feeling of the rightness or wrongness of an action
The Decalogue: the Ten Commandments
Democratic Processes: the ways in which all citizens can take part in government (usually
through elections)
Electoral Processes: the ways in which voting is organised
The Golden Rule: the teaching of Jesus that you should treat others as you would like to be
Human Rights: the rights and freedoms to which everyone is entitled
Political Party: a group which tries to be elected into power (e.g. Labour, Lib Dem,
Pressure Group: a group formed to influence the government policy in a particular issue
Situation Ethics: the idea that Christians should base moral decisions on what is the most
loving thing to do
Social Change: the ways in which society has changed and is changing (and possibilities for
future change)
Environment and Medical Issues Key Words
Artificial Insemination: injecting semen into the uterus by artificial means
Conservation: protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment
Creation: the act of creating the universe or the universe which has been created
Embryo: a fertilised egg in the first 8 weeks after conception
Environment: the surroundings which plants and animals live and on which they depend to live
Global Warming: the increase in the temperature of the earth's atmosphere (thought to be
caused by the green house effect)
Infertility: not being able to have children
In-Vitro Fertilisation: the method of fertilising a human egg in a test tube

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Natural Resources: naturally occurring materials, such as oil and coal, which can be used by
Organ Donation: giving organs to be used in transplant surgery
Stewardship: looking after something so it can be passed on to the next generation
Surrogacy: an arrangement whereby a woman bears a child of another woman
Peace and Conflict Key Words
Aggression: attacking without being provoked
Bullying: intimidating/frightening people weaker than you
Conflict Resolution: bringing a fight or struggle to a peaceful end
Exploitation: taking advantage of a weaker…read more

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Reform: the idea that punishments should try to change the criminals so that they will not
commit crimes again
Rehabilitation: restore to normal life
Responsibility: being responsible for one's actions
Retribution: the idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done
Sin: an act against the will of God…read more


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