Religious Studies Ethics revision guide. topics 6, 7, 9 and 10

topics:
topic 6: religion and sexual relationships
topic 7: religion and medical ethics
topic 9: poverty and wealth
topic 10: war, peace and justice

Full revision guide to all 4 topics. including bible quotes, key christian teachings and extra information.

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Preview of Religious Studies Ethics revision guide. topics 6, 7, 9 and 10

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Topic 6- Human Relationships
You must know:
The role of men and women are expected to play in a Christian family. Traditional and modern-linked
to teaching of Paul
Wedding ceremony. Three purposes of marriage. Life long commitment. Catholic and Orthodox
services and their variations. The six beliefs about marriage.
Beliefs about divorce-bible teachings. Teachings about different churches.
Teachings about sexual relationships. Pre-marital and extra-marital sex. Reasons for and
consequences of. Celibacy.
Contraception. Roman catholic teachings. Protestant teachings.
The Roles of Men and Women
Traditional:
Role of women to have children, to bring them up and run Christian homes. Women must
submit to their husbands, accepting their authority.
Role of man to provide by bringing in regular wage. Lead family in religious matters. Man
should love their wives as much as themselves.
Teaching based on writing of Paul in new testament about women not allowed to teach or speak in
church. Based on Genesis 2: man was created first and woman was created as his helpmate.
This attitude also comes from Peter 3.1-7 where he encourages husbands to be considerate to their
wives and to treat them with respect `as the weaker partner'.
"Wives should submit to their husbands as to the lord...husbands ought to love their wives as their
own bodies." Colossians 3.18
"A woman should learn in quietness and full submission for it was Adam formed first and then Eve"
Timothy.
Modern:
Most churches now accept men and women to be equal-Anglican, Baptist, Methodist.
Accepted from ministry of Jesus who:
Treated men and women as equals
Preached in court of women in Jerusalem temple- Matthew 21

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Treated Samaritan women as equal-John 4
Had women followers who stayed with him on cross-Matthew 27
First appeared to women after his resurrection before his male disciples.…read more

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Marriage was designed and created by God
Solemn agreement between both parties in God's presence
Only environment for sex
Ideal relationship for children
Intended to be permanent
Couple are intended by God to be sexually faithful
Beliefs about Divorce
The bible:
Moses allowed Jesus to divorce if the couple failed to live up to Gods ideas of marriage yet this was
always a compromise- not what God wanted.…read more

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Christians and sexual relationships
Pre-Marital sex- sex that takes place between two people who are not married. Pre-marital sex can
be between two people who are in a steady relationship or it can be casual sex between two people
that hardly know each other.
Extra-Marital sex-Adultary. All sex outside marriage is a sin.
Reasons adultery is more commonplace.
-effective contraception
-abortions are legal and available over the counter-morning after pill.
-fewer people expect their partners to be virgins when they marry them.…read more

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Religion and Medical Ethics
You must know:
Abortion-for and against arguments. Catholics and protestants.
Fertility treatment. Childlessness in the bible. Different attitudes of churches. AIH and IVF
Euthanasia. All churches opposed. Life does not have to be maintained at all costs. Suicide. Sanctity of
life
Animal experiments. Animals not exploited. Stewardship. Only experimental for essential research
acceptable.…read more

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Arguments for abortion
1. every woman has the right to do as she wishes with her own body
2. baby has the right to be born into family that can meet its basic needs for food,
shelter and love
3. disabled baby places huge burden on family
4. too many unwanted babies at the moment
5. Other members of family have rights too and must be respected.
6. Woman who becomes pregnant from a rape should not be compelled to have the
rapists' baby.…read more

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Roman Catholic-Euthanasia in any form is wrong. Only God can take humans life, not other human
beings.
All churches however believe that pain-killing drugs can be given that may, in the end, shortening life.
This is the law of `double effect' and is frequently used.
Suicide
All life, especially human life, is a gift from god therefore shall not be destroyed.
Catholics call it a `mortal sin' ­ one serious enough to stop a person entering heaven.…read more

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Religion, Poverty and Wealth
You must know:
The teaching of the old and new testaments about the inequality of wealth-prophets and teaching of
Jesus. Parables of the bigger barns and the rich man and Lazarus. Teaching of early Christians about
sharing.
The teachings of Jesus about wealth and its dangers. Sermon on the Mount. Paul- the `love of money'
which is spiritually crippling.
Giving to those in need. Spirit of the giving is as important as the gift.…read more

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Teaching about Money
Materialism-The approach to life that attaches a very great importance on spiritual and moral value.
Money and Wealth in the teaching of Jesus
1. The Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 7) Jesus encouraged the rich to share their wealth with
the poor secretly. If they did then God would reward them greatly for their generosity.
People were not to spend their lives accumulating wealth, since it is `treasure in heaven' that
counts.
2.…read more

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Religion, Peace and Justice
You must know:
War in the Old Testament, often given God's blessing. Jesus and war, violence. Just war.
Conscientious objectors. Pacifists.
Five purposes of punishment. Christian approach to punishment.
The message of the prophets
"I pursue and overtake my enemies; until I have made an end of them I do not turn back. I strike them
down and they can rise no more...I wipe out those who hate me" (psalms 18)
"They shall beat their swords into ploughshares..." (Micah 4.…read more

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