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Page 1

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The Formation Of Relationships

Intro:
A relationship is an encounter with another person or with other people
that endure through time.
This essay looks at how that relationship is formed ­ how it started.
Three different theories; reward/need satisfaction theory, the filter
model and the similarity model.

Paragraph 1 ­…

Page 2

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Reductionist ­ doesn't take into account their attitudes.

Paragraph 3 ­ Similarity:
Devised by Clore et al
Proposes the idea that you would last longer with someone with similar
traits.
Reis conducted an experiment and found that people who marries
people with similar traits as them lasted longer than those…

Page 3

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The Maintenance Of Relationships

Intro:
A relationship is an encounter with another person or with other people
that endure through time.
This essay looks at how relationships last and why they do.
Three theories ­ social exchange theory, matching hypothesis and
equity theory.

Paragraph 1 ­ Social exchange Theory:
Thibaut…

Page 4

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Stafford and Canary 2006 asked 200 couples to compete measures of
equity and relationship satisfaction. Satisfaction was highest for spouses
who perceived their relationship to be equitable.
Evaluation:
Culture bias ­ USA is individualistic society with economic standards so
will be different
Men and woman can judge equity differently ­…

Page 5

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Relationships In Different Cultures

Intro:
A relationship is an encounter with another person or with other people
that endure through time.
Psychologists have discovered important difference between the US and
western cultures such as India and China.

Paragraph 1:
Feature of western culture is that we live in urban setting…

Page 6

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Evaluation:
Reductionist ­ doesn't take into account other cultures.
Argyle et al did a comparison I relationships from different cultures and
found some similarities but no supports for the claim that gift exchange
is placed at a higher importance in Japan then in Britain.

Conclusion:

Page 7

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The Breakdown Of Relationships

Intro:
A relationship is an encounter with another person or with other people
that endure through time.
Duck in 2001 said there are three main factors that can breakdown a
relationship.
1. Pre existing doom- incompatibility and failure are pre destined e.g.
17-year-old school girl marrying…

Page 8

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Paragraph 3:
Differences between homosexual and heterosexual relationships.
Cohabitation (living together) is much less common for homosexuals
than heterosexuals ­ Peplau 1982 found less common in lesbians and
much less in gays.

Conclusion:

Page 9

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The Influence Of Childhood And Adolescent Experiences On Adult
Relationships.

Intro:
A relationship is an encounter with another person or with other people
that endure through time.
What we experiences as children and adolescents has said to have an
impact on our future relationships.

Paragraph 1:
The relationship a child…

Page 10

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Popularity validity - Many studies take place in the US with a small
sample ­ difficult to generalize universally.
Deterministic ­ If infant relationship is not secure, adult relationship
cannot be either is what the research suggests.

Conclusion:

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yousra

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What kind of grades did you get with these essays? :)



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