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Social Development
Early relationships-

Attachment is a long-lasting, emotionally meaningful bond to a specific individual
Stages of attachment, Schaffer and Emerson:

Stage (age) Type of attachment

Asocial Respond in a similar way to people and objects but prefer
(0-6 weeks) to look at human-like stimuli

Diffuse Show no particular preference…

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ii. Proximity- Keeping close to the mother allows us to survive
iii. Communication- Babies attach to the person who can best communicate and
understand them
iv. Internal working model- Early relationships act as a model for future ones.




Measuring attachment:

Observable attachment behaviours-

1. Watching
2. Crying
3. Following
4.…

Page 3

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Started of showing intellectual deficits and most were very underweight
After 4 years, the two groups showed no significant differences
Bowlby's theory of attachment-
One main attachment figure- monotropy
Continuous care from the most important attachment figure
If this is broken during the critical period, child will suffer irreversible long-term…

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Attractiveness
Similarity
Childhood attachment- internal working model (relationship with mother sets
a pattern for future relationships)
Personality characteristics
Social skills
Consequences-
Kuperschmidt and Coie- identified a link between sociometric status and a
number of negative life outcomes: truancy, run-ins with police, school drop
outs, etc.

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