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The Existence of God/ The Problem of Evil/ Science and Religion
The Existence of God
Faith and Proof
Faith Believing in something without the need of proof and evidence
o Faith is commitment to something which cannot be proved
o Faith is different to knowledge because knowledge is based on…

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The Design Argument William Paley
The Design Argument can also be known as the teleological argument. It is based on
the idea that everything that exists is so intricate and a purpose it cannot have just
happened by chance there must have been a designer, (God).
William Paley compares our…

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How do Religious Experiences argue for the existence of God?
A religious experience is when someone encounters something religious and therefore
something to do with God. People believe that religious experiences are used by God to
convey a message to an individual.

Weaknesses in Religious Experiences
o There is no…

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o Natural evil happens because of the way the Earth is structured, there are volcanoes
to allow eruptions to happen, there are tectonic plates to allow earthquakes to
happen, etc.
Surely God is the one to be blamed for this if He is what He is portrayed to be.


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The reason for natural evil according to this defence is that we live in a `fallen world'. This
may literally mean that Adam and Eve brought suffering into the world through disobedience,
OR metaphorically that all humans are sinful, and do not deserve to live in paradise yet.

Moral Evil…

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Weaknesses in the Soulmaking/ Place of Preparation Defence
The weaknesses include:
o This defence suggests that God did intend us to suffer which then contradicts the idea
that God is allloving
o Why does there have to be so much evil to build our character?
o Couldn't we just be…

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o Can't we just start a clean slate with a new life
o Couldn't are punishment be more immediate

The response of the Believer to Suffering
Nearly all of the religions say that followers should help people who are suffering and
in need. Most people realise that there is suffering…

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period of time. A fundamentalist might say that the Bible is correct in what it is saying although
they might not accept that a day is 24hrs. They do not have a set view and they think that we
do not know enough to know if it is defiantly true…

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Religious people believe that we are special, and we were made to look after God's creation.
We were not lucky and the Earth is ours. We share part of God's breath .

The Characteristics of God/ Revelation/ The Afterlife
The Characteristics of God
It is difficult for human beings to…

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1. Brahman The Creator God
2. Vishnu The Sustainer God
3. Shiva The Destroyer God
All male Gods have a female counterpart which makes it easier for male and female human
beings to understand the religion. There are hundreds of Gods in the Hindu religion, each of
them representing a…


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