Pages in this set

Page 1

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The social and economic position of black citizens in the USA in the 1940s and early 1950s: the
nature and extent of discrimination and segregation; signs of change by 1955.
Martin Luther King and peaceful protest.
Black power and the use of violence; the extent…

Page 2

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Conditions in the North

Little legally enforced segregation ­ unlike south.
Predominantly industrial workers ­ mainly agricultural in the south.
Better pay ­ although only 50% of average white wage.
Black workers in the north were better organised ­ in the mid 1920s A. Phillip Randolph
organised the first successful…

Page 3

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A. Phillip Randolph was appalled at this `colour' bar and threatened to lead a march to
Washington unless the government forced change. In 1941 FDR created the Fair Employment
Practices Commission (FEPC ­ EO8802) ­ forced war industries not to discriminate on grounds of
`race, creed, colour or national origin'…

Page 4

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Harry S Truman (1945-53)

Member of the KKK at age 38 ­ made $10 membership.
Born in Missouri (South) ­ used to legally enforced segregation.
Was moved by stories from black veterans who were victims of
racist attacks following WW2.
Understood the importance of the black vote.
Recognised that…

Page 5

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Signed EO 10308 ­ established Committee on Fair deal housing programme demolished more
Government Contract Compliance (CGCC) ­ houses than they built ­ actually less houses for
ensured lucrative government contracts didn't black Americans.
go to companies that discriminated against

Prevented the Federal Housing Administration Wanted the state police…

Page 6

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appealed to 14th and 15th amendment; 2nd ­ put pressure on politicians in Washington; 3rd ­
organised popular resistance.
Smith v. Allwright, 1944 ­ concerned black voting rights. Blacks in Texas were excluded from
primary elections, Smith (black Texan) challenged this and with backing from the NAACP took the

Page 7

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Why was education targeted by the NAACP?

It was obvious that whilst children were being educated separately, they weren't being
educated equally ­ could highlight that segregation was illegal in terms of Plessy v Ferguson,
In 1949, South Carolina spent an average of $179 a year educating a…

Page 8

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Many blacks believed it was the beginning of the end of segregation ­ believed that the SC
would back legal challenges to segregation in other areas ­ led to an increase in local activism by
groups like NAACP and CORE.
The WCC was set up to demand the segregation continued…

Page 9

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196 Birmingham Riots
3 March on Washington

196 Mississippi Freedom Summer
4 Civil Rights Act

196 Selma Campaign
5 Voting Rights Act
Watts Riots
Moynihan Report

196 Meredith March
6 Chicago Freedom Movement

196 The Poor People's Campaign
8 Memphis Workers Strike


Page 10

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Under MLK's leadership, the MIA (Montgomery Improvement Association) was formed ­
organised initiatives like car pooling ­ showed MLK's leadership qualities and brought him
into the public eye where he then established the SCLC.
During the year long campaign, over 85% off Montgomery's black community boycotted buses.
Boycott hit bus…


Former Member


this is pretty good


Former Member


Very good notes. highly recommend! 



These notes alongside the Russia notes on this website got me an A at AS level history.



This has literally saved my skin (our history teacher has been skipping teaching chapters of this unit)... Brilliant notes. 

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