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LIFE AND LIBERTY IN AMERICA
The social and economic position of black citizens in the USA in the 1940s and early 1950s: the
nature and extent of discrimination and segregation; signs of change by 1955.
Martin Luther King and peaceful protest.
Black power and the use of violence; the extent…

Page 2

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Conditions in the North

Little legally enforced segregation ­ unlike south.
Predominantly industrial workers ­ mainly agricultural in the south.
Better pay ­ although only 50% of average white wage.
Black workers in the north were better organised ­ in the mid 1920s A. Phillip Randolph
organised the first successful…

Page 3

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A. Phillip Randolph was appalled at this `colour' bar and threatened to lead a march to
Washington unless the government forced change. In 1941 FDR created the Fair Employment
Practices Commission (FEPC ­ EO8802) ­ forced war industries not to discriminate on grounds of
`race, creed, colour or national origin'…

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Harry S Truman (1945-53)

Democrat
Member of the KKK at age 38 ­ made $10 membership.
Born in Missouri (South) ­ used to legally enforced segregation.
Was moved by stories from black veterans who were victims of
racist attacks following WW2.
Understood the importance of the black vote.
Recognised that…

Page 5

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Signed EO 10308 ­ established Committee on Fair deal housing programme demolished more
Government Contract Compliance (CGCC) ­ houses than they built ­ actually less houses for
ensured lucrative government contracts didn't black Americans.
go to companies that discriminated against
blacks

Prevented the Federal Housing Administration Wanted the state police…

Page 6

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appealed to 14th and 15th amendment; 2nd ­ put pressure on politicians in Washington; 3rd ­
organised popular resistance.
Smith v. Allwright, 1944 ­ concerned black voting rights. Blacks in Texas were excluded from
primary elections, Smith (black Texan) challenged this and with backing from the NAACP took the
case…

Page 7

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Education




Why was education targeted by the NAACP?

It was obvious that whilst children were being educated separately, they weren't being
educated equally ­ could highlight that segregation was illegal in terms of Plessy v Ferguson,
1896.
In 1949, South Carolina spent an average of $179 a year educating a…

Page 8

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Many blacks believed it was the beginning of the end of segregation ­ believed that the SC
would back legal challenges to segregation in other areas ­ led to an increase in local activism by
groups like NAACP and CORE.
The WCC was set up to demand the segregation continued…

Page 9

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196 Birmingham Riots
3 March on Washington

196 Mississippi Freedom Summer
4 Civil Rights Act

196 Selma Campaign
5 Voting Rights Act
Watts Riots
Moynihan Report

196 Meredith March
6 Chicago Freedom Movement

196 The Poor People's Campaign
8 Memphis Workers Strike
Assassination

CR
prot
ests
that
MLK
didn
't…

Page 10

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Under MLK's leadership, the MIA (Montgomery Improvement Association) was formed ­
organised initiatives like car pooling ­ showed MLK's leadership qualities and brought him
into the public eye where he then established the SCLC.
During the year long campaign, over 85% off Montgomery's black community boycotted buses.
Boycott hit bus…

Comments

Former Member

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this is pretty good

 

Former Member

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Very good notes. highly recommend! 

JOEL

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These notes alongside the Russia notes on this website got me an A at AS level history.

theresaissleepy

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This has literally saved my skin (our history teacher has been skipping teaching chapters of this unit)... Brilliant notes. 

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