Civil Rights Groups + Individuals 1945-1968

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  • "Groups and individuals were the most significant factor progressing/restricting Civil Rights in the period 1945-1968."
    • 3. 1960 - 1963 (Kennedy)
      • Groups
        • North Carolina Greensboro Sit-Ins (1960)
          • Local Students, SCLC  nd SNCC
        • Freedom Riders (1961)
          • CORE
          • SNCC
        • Albany Georgia, 1961-2
          • MLK
          • SCLC
        • Birmingham, 1963
          • King
          • SCLC
      • Individuals
        • Robert Kennedy
        • James Meredith (1962)
        • Medgar Evans, 1963
    • 1. 1945 -  1952 (Truman)
      • Groups
        • NAACP achieved the following victories:
          • 1940-1957 CNO voter registration campaign in Arkansas
          • 1944 Smith v. Allwright
          • 1946Morgan v. Virginia
          • 1947NAACP Boycott of New Orleans Department StoreJourney of reconciliation by CORE
          • 1948 Shelley v. Kramer
          • 1950 Henderson v. US Sweatt v. Painter
      • Individuals
        • Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam set up in 1930.
    • 4. 1963 - 1968 (Johnson)
      • Groups
        • SCLC + KIng
          • Selma 1965
          • Chicago Freedom Movement 1966
        • SNCC + CORE Mississippi Freedom Summer 1964
      • Individuals
        • MLK
          • Assassinated 1968
          • Memphis Sanitation Workers' Strike in 1968
          • Poor People's Campaign, 1968
        • Stokely Charmichael
          • Head of SNCC in 1966 + became violent
        • Huey Newton+ Bobby Seale formed BPP in 1966
    • 2. 1952 - 1960 (Eisenhower)
      • Individuals + Groups
        • Oliver Brown and NAACP in Brown vs Board of Education (1953-4)
          • Chief Justice Earl Warren
          • NAAWP
          • WCC
          • The Southern Manifesto + Storm Thurmond
        • Autherine Lucy + NAACP
        • NAACP + Little Rock Nine (1957)
          • Ernest Brown
        • The Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-6) featuring MLK and NAACP
          • SCLC (1957)
      • Individuals
        • Emmett Till (murdered August 1955)
        • Malcolm X "The Hate That Hate Produced'(1959)
  • Factor: Groups and Individuals

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