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PSYCHOLOGICAL
EXPLANATION
FOR PHOBIAS
PSYCHODYNAMIC (AO1) : EVALUATION FOR PSYCHODYNAMIC APPROACH:
Anxiety experienced about an object/situation is a displacement of STRENGTHS:
internal source of underlying anxiety Bowlby found that agoraphobics often had early experiences of family
Unconscious sexual fears operate through defence mechanisms such conflicts, this leads the child to…

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Something bad happens association between anxiety and It is supported with the little Albert study
situation is established generalise to all situation avoid the
situation avoidance is established by doing something else
WEAKNESSES :
Little Albert - Every time a rat went across. It was accompanied with a
If phobias…

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EXAMPLE: Standing in a crowded lift may be maintained later by WEAKNESSES
thoughts like `I might suffocate if I was trapped in a lift' (Danger beliefs) Doesn't verify the underlining cause
this turns into a fear of lifts/ claustrophobia Doesn't establish whether irrational thoughts are the cause of phobias
Beck…

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MrsMacLean

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colourful revision notes. The titles are really clear and straight to the point 

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