Parental responsibility and rights

Overview on the parental rights and responsibilities.

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  • Created by: Chaz13w
  • Created on: 22-03-12 12:04
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Parental responsibility is who makes decisions about the child. There is no law saying what
responsibilities the parent has but the key roles are:
providing a home for the child
having contact with and living with the child
protecting and maintaining the child
disciplining the child
choosing and providing for the child's education
determining the religion of the child
agreeing to the child's medical treatment
naming the child and agreeing to any change of the child's name
accompanying the child outside the UK and agreeing to the child's emigration, should the
issue arise
being responsible for the child's property
appointing a guardian for the child, if necessary
allowing confidential information about the child to be disclosed
A mother automatically has parental responsibility for her child from birth. If the parents of a child are
married to each other at the time of the birth, or if they have jointly adopted a child, then they both
have parental responsibility.
According to current law, a mother always has parental responsibility for her child. A father,
however, has this responsibility only if he is married to the mother when the child is born or has
acquired legal responsibility for his child through one of these three routes:
by jointly registering the birth of the child with the mother
by a parental responsibility agreement with the mother
by a parental responsibility order, made by a court
Most women employees have the right to take up to one year's (52 weeks') maternity leave. The
first 26 weeks of maternity leave are called Ordinary Maternity Leave (OML). During OML, you will
still get all the same rights under your contract of employment as if you were still at work. The only
exception is that you will not get your normal pay unless your contract allows for it. But you will, for
example, still be entitled to build up holiday and to get any pay increase. As well as Ordinary
Maternity Leave (OML), you can also take an additional 26 weeks' maternity leave. This is called
Additional Maternity Leave (AML). This gives a total of up to 52 weeks' maternity leave. If you're
taking AML, this must follow on directly after OML and there must be no gap between the two. Your
terms and conditions of employment remain the same throughout both OML and AML.
To qualify for Ordinary Paternity Leave you must be an employee. You must be taking the time off to
support the mother or carer for the baby and intend to be fully involved in their upbringing. Rights
to Ordinary Paternity Leave are extra to your normal holiday allowance.
To qualify for Ordinary Paternity Leave, you must have been with your employer for at least 26
weeks by either:
The end of the 15th week before the start of the week when the baby is due
The end of the week you are notified you are matched with your child
You must also be either the:
Biological father of the child
Mother's husband or partner (including same-sex relationships)
Child's adopter

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Husband or partner (including same-sex relationships) of the child's adopter
As long as you meet certain conditions you can take either one or two weeks' Ordinary Paternity
Leave. You can't take odd days off and if you take two weeks they must be taken together. If you are
a worker you will not qualify for Ordinary Paternity Leave but may qualify for Ordinary Statutory
Paternity Pay.…read more

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Income Support, income-based Jobseeker's Allowance, income-related
Employment and Support Allowance or the guarantee credit part of Pension Credit
Free Education:
All three and four year olds are entitled to 15 hours of free nursery education for 38 weeks
of the year. This applies until they reach compulsory school age (the term following their
fifth birthday). Free early education places are available at a range of early year's settings
including nursery schools and classes, children's centers, day nurseries, play groups and
pre-schools and child minders.…read more


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