GCSE OCR Sociology Key Words

For Family, Education and Studying Society.

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  • Created on: 17-06-12 19:51
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Sociology Family, Education, and Social Inequality Key words
Agency of Socialization: A social group or institution responsible for
undertaking socialization. E.g families, peer groups, schools, workplaces,
religions and the mass media.
Authority: The exercise of power based on consent or agreement.
Beanpole Family: A multigenerational family in which each generation has one
or very few members.
Bourgeoisie: A multigenerational family in which each generation has one or
very few members.
Capitalism: An economic system in which private owners invest money- or
capital- in businesses to make a profit. Marxists feel the family supports this.
Cohabitation: living with a partner outside marriage or civil partnership.
Conjugal Roles: The domestic roles of married or cohabiting partners.
Cultural Deprivation: This tends to happen when children's backgrounds do
not provide them with the necessary cultural resources to do well at school E.g
encouragement from parents or visits to museums.
Cultural Diversity: Culturally based differences between people in a society in
terms of religion, ethnicity, social class and so on.
Culture: The whole way of life of a particular society or social group. E.g.
values, norms, customs, beliefs, knowledge, skills and language of the society
org roup.
Cycle of Deprivation: The idea that deprivation and poverty are passed on
from parents to their children.
Democratic Relationships: Relationships between for example married
partners or parents and children, based on equality.
Dependency Culture: Some people who rely on state benefits are seen as
developing a way of life in which they become so dependent on benefits they
lose the motivation to work.
Discrimination: Less favorable, or unfair treatment based, for example, on an
individual's gender, ethnicity or age.
Division of domestic Labour: The division of tasks such as housework,
childcare, and DIY. Between men, women and the home.
Dual-Earner Household: A household in which two adults work in paid
employment.
Dual-Worker Families: Families in which both adult partners work in paid
employment.
Ethical Issues: These relate to morals and, in the context of sociological
research raise questions about how to conduct morally acceptable research,
which protects the rights of research participants and safeguards their
well-being.
Ethnic Group: A social group whose members share an identity based on their
cultural traditions or cultural characteristics such as religion or language.
Ethnicity: Cultural norms, and values that distinguish one ethnic group from
another.

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Sociology Family, Education, and Social Inequality Key words
Extended Family: A group of relatives extending beyond the nuclear family. The
classic extended family contains three generations who either live under the
same roof or nearby. This type of extension is known as vertical extension in
modified extended families, members live apart geographically but maintain
regular contact and provide support.
Family: A couple who are married, civil partners or cohabiting, with or without
dependent children, or a lone parent with their child or children.…read more

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Sociology Family, Education, and Social Inequality Key words
Infant mortality rate: The number of infant deaths (aged under one year) per
1000 live births per year.
Informed Consent: As a part of ethical research practice the researcher must
ensure that all research participants understand what the study is about, why it
is being done and what it will involve before they freely agree (or otherwise) to
take part.…read more

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Sociology Family, Education, and Social Inequality Key words
Marxist Approach: A sociological approach that draws on the ideas of Karl
Marx and applies them to modern societies.
Material Deprivation: The lack of material resources such as money.
Minority Ethnic Group: An ethnic group that is in a minority in a particular
society.
New Right Approach: An approach to studying families that emphasizes the
importance of the nuclear family and traditional family values.…read more

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Sociology Family, Education, and Social Inequality Key words
Secularization: The process whereby the influence of religion in a society
declines.
Segregated Conjugal Roles: This term describes domestic roles of married or
cohabiting partners which are separated out or divided in an unequal way.
Selective Education: A way of recruiting pupils to a school, based on a form of
selection. For example pupils may be selected on the basis of their performance
in an entrance exam.…read more

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Sociology Family, Education, and Social Inequality Key words
Symmetrical Family: A family form in which spouses carry out different tasks
but each makes a similar contribution within the home.
Underclass: This term refers to people who experience long-term poverty and
who are unable to obtain a living.
Validity: This refers to the truth or authenticity of a piece of data.
Values: Beliefs or ideas about what is desirable or worth striving for.…read more

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