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Slide 1

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Oil extraction
There are limits to environmental tolerance which
affect availability of resources.…read more

Slide 2

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Oil as a natural resource
Oil causes:
Climate change
Oil is used in everyday Illegal trading
life for: Funding for terrorism, gangs etc
Fuel- transport- Dependency
essential for trade Profit
Technology to be developed
Energy- burned to
generate electricity It prevents:
Investment in renewables
Manmade fabrics and development of LEDC's as it is
plastics expensive, and alternatives are
even more so.…read more

Slide 3

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OIL in Alaska Case study
Oil reserves in Northern Alaska are transported South, to a
more accessible area, by a pipeline.
800 miles long
Cost $8 billion
2 years to build
15 billion barrels will be extracted…read more

Slide 4

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OIL in Alaska Case study
Costs: Benefits:
Risk- The amount of oil is unknown, 5-16 billion barrels of oil to the
the venture may be unjustified. USA- securing supply in a `safe'
Destruction of habitats- Caribou
migrating route, (food source) Indigenous people benefit from the
revenue brought in by oil
If the pipe were to fail it would
be an international environmental
disaster…read more

Slide 5

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Oil in Nigeria Case Study
TNC's (Shell) take oil and don't
Nigeria is on the West Coast of
allow the 5 local tribes to reap
the benefits
OPEC since 1971
This creates political instability
and conflict
7th largest oil exporter
It is perfect for transporting oil Despite the oil revenue, 70% of
to Europe and the USA Nigerian lives in poverty
Shell extracts oil from the Niger 7 million people live on the Delta,
Delta. and are forced to drink polluted
water and inhale toxic fumes
Wealth from the oil is shared
between the government and Shell. Oil extraction has stopped
development…read more

Slide 6

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Oil in Nigeria Case Study
900,000 barrels of oil have been Mangrove forest- need their roots
split in the last 50 years wet, polluted water is taken in by
the trees- trees die or become
Wetlands on the Delta are polluted diseased, producing no fruit or
meaning 75% of the rural population toxic fruit, people have no choice
don't have access to clean, safe but to eat them, causing illness.
Ecosystems are destroyed as animals
In 1984 gas flares were made eat the toxic berries, Leaving no
illegal- still happens in Nigeria animals for people to eat
Toxic waste containing high conc of Acid rain damages crops- food
lead, zinc and mercury have lead to insecurity.
dizziness, vomiting, stomach aches
and long term respiratory problems No money or tech to fix issues.…read more

Slide 7

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