OCR A2 health and clinical psychology notes

Health and Clinical psychology

Healthy Living:

1.Theories of health belief:

1)Becker (1978) – Health Belief Model

2)Rotter (1966) – Locus of Control

3)Bandura (1977)– Self-efficacy

2. Methods of health promotion and supporting evidence:

1)Cowpe (1989) – Media Campaign

2)Dannenberg (1993) – Legislation

3)Janis and Feshbach (1953) – Fear Arousal

3.Features of adherence to medical regimes and supporting evidence:

1)Bulpitt and Fletcher (1988) – Reasons for non-adherence: (cognitive rational non-                adherence)

2)Lustman (2000) – Measures of non-adherence: physiological

3)Watt et al (2003)  – Improving – Behavioural methods (Funhaler)

Stress:

1.Causes of stress:

1)Johansson et al., (1978) – Work

2)Kanner (1981) – Hassles and Life Events

3)Geer and Maisel (1972) – Lack of Control

2.Methods of measuring stress:

1)Geer and Maisel (1972) – Physiological Measures

2)Holmes and Rahe (1967) – Self-report

3)Johansson et al., (1978) – Combined Approach

3.Techniques for managing stress:

1)Meichenbaum (1972) – Cognitive

2)Budzynski (1970) – Behavioural

3)Waxler-Morrison (1991) – Social

Dysfunctional Behaviour:

1.Diagnosis of dysfunctional behaviour:

1)DSM/ICD – Categorising

2)Rosenhan and Seligman (1989) – Definitions

3)Ford and Widiger (1989) – Biases in Diagnosis

2.Explanations of dysfunctional behaviour:

1)Gottesman and Shields (1972) – Biological

2)Watson and Raynor Little Albert (1920) – Behavioural

3)Beck (1979) – Cognitive – Maladaptive Thoughts

3.Treatments of dysfunctional behaviour:

1)Karp and Frank (1995) – Biological

2)McGrath – Behavioural

3)Beck (1979) – Cognitive Therapy

Disorders:

1.Characteristics of disorders:

1)An anxiety Disorder- Phobia 

2)A Psychotic Disorder – Schizophrenia

3)An Affective Disorder – depression

2.Explanations of one disorder (affective, anxiety or psychotic):

1)Liberman– Behavioural

2)Gottesman and Shields (1972) – Biological

3)Maher – Cognitive

3.Treatments of one disorder (affective, anxiety of psychotic):

1)Paul and Lentz (1977) – Behavioural

2)Sensky et al – Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

3)Kane – Biological

http://psychyogi.org/ocr-a2-psychology/health-and-clinical-psychology-ocr-a2-unit-revision/

  • Created by: ashly
  • Created on: 20-02-15 11:32

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