OCR-Outline of Medicine through time

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  • Created on: 18-08-11 14:57
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Prehistoric medicine
Lack of information, no written records
Believed in supernatural illness
Uses natural cures
Spirits are the way of life for these people, they do not own anything
How did the Egyptians way of life help them to develop medical idea?
The Egyptian way of life How did this change medicine
Pharaoh were healthy and powerful They build educational facility
Egyptians develop writing This help pass down medicine to the next
Religion said priest should be clean Hygiene is important so less diseases spread
Dead bodies were open (mummification) Learnt about organs
Farmer irrigated their fields using water They this is how the body worked
Traded with other countries If you trade you will get thing back such as
Greeks empire allowed Greeks to develop a love to finding new things out
Strong belief in gods, people went to Asclepius to cured
Natural causes: Asclepius- Greek god of healing
Hippocrates used clinical observation and advise healthy lifestyle and keeping clean
Roman were practical people, with a sophisticated control over public health. Ideas were
allowed to spread due to this. Emphasises on education especially medicine
Roman took people ideas and developed them like Galen did to Hippocrates idea
They knew there was a link between dirt/disease careful about where they built settlement,
this was important for a healthy army
Roman fort had, fresh water, hospital, toilets,
Made public bath, aqueducts and sewers so everyone can use, this was looked after by the
roman engineers

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Galen carried on the four humours and expanded on it and told people how the body
worked.…read more

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What did they think caused it?
Jews, cripple, poison water, poison air, planets, filth lying on the streets and bad vapour
Feature of the renaissance
Religion-church still powerful but people were prepared to criticise its ideas
Individuals-Harvey, Pare and Andreas Vesalius made big contribution to medicine
Communication- printing press allowed ideas to be spread
War-surgeon Amboise Pare developed his surgical method on the battlefield
Technology- development of the water pump helps Harvey with his idea about the heart
Andreas Vesalius ­ anatomy…read more

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William Harvey-the circulation of the blood
Book-"anatomotical account of the motion of the heart and blood in anatomy"
Discovery He discovered that blood flowed around the
body one way.
He showed blood was carried way from the
arteries and returned to the heart by the
veins.…read more

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1850-florence nightingale developed new attitudes towards health and cleanliness
1854-edwind Chadwick and john snow realise there was a link between dirt and Disease
1861-Louis Pasteur discovered germs
1861- Joseph Lister discovered antiseptics
Names What did they do? Why is this person important
in history of medicine
Lister Discovered antiseptics Keep wound clean and clear
of infections
Simpson Discovered the first Help surgeon to take time to
anaesthetic, chloroform operate and patient not in
pain.…read more

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Snow Proved cholera was caused to provide clean water and
by infected water. have medical officers.
Women in medicine
Ancient Egypt- Allowed becoming healing priest, an untrained nurse. They are allowed to be healers
and to be a lady overseer of lady physicians
Ancient Greece -Greek doctors don't like that fact that women should learn medicine or science
Ancient Rome ­ Allowed to become a Roman midwives.…read more


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