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History (medicine through time)

Prehistoric medicine

Who treated the sick?
The medicine man and people themselves

How did they treat the sick?
They treated the sick by eating herbs and honey or putting charms and reading prayers to
the gods or if they had something wrong in their head (headaches)…

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Fine and delicate stone tools found, shows surgery was feasible. Evidence on
trepanning.

Ethoarchaeology and anthropology (looking at other societies)
Outsiders visiting prehistoric societies can produce written records of what they see.

Attitudes and practices of modern aboriginals have therefore been used in guessing
what ancient people thoughts and did…

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Rainbow serpent

Created the planet

Mountains (Lakes, rivers, trees, deserts etc)

Left behind his spirit in each new creation

Man has to ask permission from the spirit world to nature

Egypt

River Nile and Farming
Egyptian farmers depended on the River Nile. They dug channels to carry water to their…

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Chance The discovery of penicillin in modern times


Spiritual causes and cures
o Just like prehistoric people they believed disease were caused by evil spirit and
wore charm to keep evil spirits away
o Egyptians followed a book which had a listen of magical spells of getting rid of evil…

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They used leaves and bark of trees to cover up wounds, willow is a antiseptic and
help the wound going bad which means they probably survived the operations

Keep clean
Egyptians washed every day and priest washed even more often this had to do with religion
then health but it…

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Greek medicine was based on four humours and one doctor in particular wrote
books about medicine which was Hippocrates
Other sorts of medicines was supernatural medicine, this was to do with spirits and the god
Asclepius. This sort of medicine was popular

Supernatural medicine
Asclepius was the Greek god of…

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Philosophers tried to explain stuff rationally

Greek philosophers sough to find rational explanation. They attracted bands of followers
such as the brotherhood of Pythagoras. The follower became devotees and argued with
other philosophers. Religion was interwoven with their logic

Thales of Miletus founder of Greek philosophythought water was the basic…

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Roman Empire

Features
Empire capital was the city of Rome
The emperor was the ruler. He was advised by the senatesenator were the richest
and most important citizens
Emperor needed to keep the roman citizens happy so they often used `games' for
this and gave free food
The army was…

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Strong belief in gods
Create the empire
World largest military machine
Roman forts had ­bath
Fresh water
Hospital
Toilets
Army never built near swaps/marshes knew about risk of disease

Roman engineer always
Makes sure that all building are away from the marsh land
Test the water supply. Mosquitoes and flies…

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New idea 1: the treatment of opposite
Developed the theory on the four humours, we must use opposite to balance of the four
humours and treat illness e.g. a man has a cold and is coughing up phlegm, we must treat him
with the opposite so to balance it give…

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